Written by Cerner Multum. Do not smoke until the medicine has completely dried on your skin. Many of us know about rubbing alcohol, but as a cleaning ingredient for glass and windows or to remove ink stains, but hardly any of us are aware that it is used to treat many health conditions as well. DrugRehab.com and ARS are not responsible for those calls. (Krow, 2015) 70% rubbing alcohol affects can only disinfect for short periods of time, its fast acting, not harmful to skin but can be drying however. Does Marijuana Stay in Your System? For example, even light drinkers (those who have no more than one drink a day) have a tiny, but real, increased risk of some cancers, such as esophageal cancer. Isopropyl rubbing alcohol also contains water, stabilizer, and may contain colorants. Many of the effects of alcohol are too well-known: Heavy drinking can cause hepatitis and cirrhosis, both of … Colorless and bitter-tasting, isopropyl alcohol, also referred to as isopropanol and IPA, is twice as toxic as ethanol. While isopropanol reaches its peak concentration in the blood 30 minutes to two hours from the time it’s consumed, the peak concentration of acetone occurs about four hours after ingestion and produces a characteristic fruity-smelling breath. Aftercare resources such as Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. Some common examples of alcohol are isopropyl alcohol, and ethyl alcohol. This is, of course, because it’s not; isopropyl alcohol belongs to a chemical group known as toxic alcohols. If you like it, share it. Retrieved from, Rabin, R. (2016, October 24). He takes a sip like he would out of a water bottle! Unfortunately, people who consume rubbing alcohol intentionally are often unaware of its dangers. Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222 if anyone has accidentally swallowed this product. Retrieved from, Gummin, D. et al. Amy is an advocate for patient- and family-centered care. Call your doctor if the condition you are treating with isopropyl alcohol does not improve, or if it gets worse while using isopropyl alcohol. People who consume isopropyl alcohol or are tempted to drink nonbeverage alcohol should consider seeking professional help for alcohol addiction. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 6 Jan 2021), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Jan 2021), ASHP (updated 6 Jan 2021) and others. Really very little adv or disadv that I can think of. It’s also an ingredient in antifreeze, industrial solvent, body rubs, skin lotions, aftershave lotions, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, and it’s the main component in many hand sanitizers. Individuals who’ve consumed rubbing alcohol may develop severe central nervous system depression and breathing trouble that require aggressive life support measures, including intubation. Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. And drinking and driving is never a good idea. Most rubbing alcohol is made of 70 percent isopropyl alcohol in water. Fortunately, the former first lady of Massachusetts recovered from the incident, which she detailed in her 1990 memoir, “Now You Know.” In the book, she also wrote about resorting to drinking hair spray and nail polish remover when there were no traditional alcoholic beverages available. Don’t let cost prevent you from seeking treatment. Isopropyl alcohol is used in healthcare settings to prevent infection that may be caused by needle punctures. care. community understands the struggle and provides guidance born of personal experience. We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by licensed medical professionals. They are used to clean the surfaces of wounds on the body; they are also used along with water to maximize their effectiveness. It is a denatured alcohol used as an antiseptic or a disinfectant. Here … You turn and see him bringing a bottle of rubbing alcohol to his mouth. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. Isopropyl alcohol is not a substitute for other types of alcohol. Do not use near high heat or open flame. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. Ingesting large amounts of rubbing alcohol can result in severe poisoning that may present with a deep coma, slow and noisy breathing, a racing heartbeat and low blood pressure. How in the world was he able to reach over … Well, rubbing alcohol is not the same. Retrieved from, University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics. Keep in mind that this traditional disinfectant can help you deal with a lot of problems! Name one disadvantage to using alcohol as an antiseptic. (2017, November 29). Isopropyl alcohol, isopropanol, 2-propanol, or propan-2-ol; N-propanol, 1-propanol, or propan-1-ol. Retrieved from, Hays, C. (1989, November 9). When it comes to alcohol consumption, there are some benefits that can be achieved, but the risks of disadvantages can be quite high. Reported Adverse Health Effects in Children from Ingestion of Alcohol-Based Hand Sanitizers — United States, 2011–2014. The effects of alcohol on your health will depend on how much you drink. Swallowing just 8 ounces, or 240 milliliters, of rubbing alcohol can be fatal — but as little as 20 milliliters mixed with water can make a person sick. Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. treatment models, counseling and therapy and payment and insurance options. Instead of using massage oil, just massage the rubbing alcohol directly into your sore limbs, neck, or back. Isopropyl alcohol is highly flammable and can easily ignite. Describe the use and effectiveness of alcohol. Kitty Dukakis’ Illness Tied to Rubbing Alcohol. (2012, January 19). Rubbing alcohol is widely used in industrial and home-cleaning products because of its powerful antiseptic properties. Retrieved from, National Capital Poison Center. Rubbing alcohol made using isopropanol is regulated to contains at least 355 mg of sucrose octaacetate and 1.40 mg of denatonium benzoate per 100 ml volume. Rubbing alcohol is used to disinfect, to bring down fever and to soothe skin. Inhaling isopropanol fumes can cause a loss of consciousness. Incoordination and dizziness may result from exposure to isopropyl alcohol 1. In accordance with the American Society of Addiction Medicine, we offer Supporting your transition to a substance-free life. Isopropyl alcohol may cause burning, stinging, or a cold feeling where the medicine is applied. Rubbing or isopropyl alcohol is a common and surprisingly versatile household item. Isopropyl alcohol is flammable. Retrieved from, Gormely, N. et al. More moles of exhaust gases produced provide more power to expansion stroke. Intoxication of a Hospitalized Patient with an Isopropanol-Based Hand Sanitizer. Doesn't really kill germs. Isopropyl alcohol should be kept away from heat, sparks, flames and other sources of ignition, as well as strong oxidizers, acetaldehyde, chlorine, ethylene oxide, acids, and isocyanates. The specific heat capacity of Ethyl Alcohol is about 2420J/kg*K whereas it is 4186J/Kg*K for water. Other disadvantages of hypochlorites include corrosiveness to metals in high concentrations (>500 ppm), inactivation by organic matter, discoloring or “bleaching” of fabrics, release of toxic chlorine gas when mixed with ammonia or acid (e.g., household cleaning agents) 523-525, and relative stability 327. Get cost-effective, quality addiction care that truly works. Retrieved from. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider. Overconsumption of alcohol causes about 88,000 deaths in the U.S. every year, and one in every three cases of violent crime involves alcohol. SHARES. The less you drink, the lower the health risks. System? (The term ‘rubbing alcohol’ is used in the USA for products containing 70% isopropyl alcohol.) Retrieved from, U.S. National Library of Medicine’s Toxicology Data Network. Can trigger alcohol poisoning. Easy access to such substances is the primary reason for nonbeverage alcohol abuse, according to the report. 10 to 15 percent of alcoholics hospitalized in detoxification units have consumed nonbeverage alcohol. Staff eventually found the man in the bathroom drinking hand sanitizer, which he believed to be a suitable substitute for vodka because it contained such a high percentage of alcohol. The concentration of alcohol is usually expressed as a percentage by volume e.g. The transition back to Questions? Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. How Long Does Alcohol Stay in Your System? Do not drink. But despite warning labels cautioning that the product is for external use only, thousands of calls flood poison control centers every year from people seeking help after someone has drunk the poisonous liquid. For answers to questions about rubbing alcohol ingestion, you can reach your local poison center by calling the Poison Help hotline at 1-800-222-1222 from anywhere in the country. Keeps body warm in winter and cold conditions. While ethanol, or drinking alcohol, is broken down into a substance called acetaldehyde, nearly 20 percent of isopropyl is metabolized into acetone, the toxic chemical found in nail polish remover. Ask a doctor or pharmacist before using isopropyl alcohol on a deep puncture wound or a serious burn. We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by licensed medical professionals. Suddenly, you sense that the room is a little too quiet. For others, it is simply something to enjoy with a well-cooked meal. Dukakis, who struggled with an alcohol addiction and an addiction to diet pills, had a severe reaction to the rubbing alcohol she drank and was hospitalized. If you really want to get down to really cold temperatures, use antifreeze. Isopropyl alcohol kills or prevents the growth of bacteria on the skin. The Material Safety Data Sheet has ranked rubbing alcohol quite high on its list of skin irritants. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider. Rubbing Alcohol Abuse. How Long Does Adderall Stay in Your System? rewarding relationships and meaning. 11. Rubbing the skin with alcohol before an injection really only helps to remove some dead skin. Although it has the word alcohol in its name, rubbing alcohol is completely different from the ethyl alcohol found in alcoholic beverages. life outside of rehab is fraught with the potential for relapse. 1 S. Orange Ave., Suite 503, Orlando, FL 32801, Last modified: February 28, 2020. The information we provide is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. In accordance with the American Society of Addiction Medicine, we offer information on Disadvantages of using alcohol as a fuel. DrugRehab.com aims to improve the quality of life for people struggling with a substance use or mental health disorder with fact-based content about the nature of behavioral health conditions, treatment options and their related outcomes. A busy day is now an even busier evening. Ingestion of rubbing alcohol can cause liver poisoning, resulting in nausea and dizziness. Consuming even small amounts of rubbing alcohol, or isopropyl alcohol, can make a person very ill. Isopropyl alcohol is twice as toxic as ethanol, the form of alcohol contained in alcoholic beverages, and drinking it can result in severe depression of the central nervous system, internal bleeding and even death. Read about alcohol units to work out how much alcohol there … 5. Soothe Muscle Soreness. Hand scrubbing involves the addition of concentrated disinfectant when cleansing hands with running water, while hand rubbing employs alcohol-based active ingredients to disinfect hands without washing under running water. She previously participated in Moffitt Cancer Center’s patient and family advisory program and was a speaker at the Institute of Patient-and Family-Centered Care’s 2015 national conference. Alcohol raises blood flow to the stomach and gut and also a slight irritant locally. Rubbing alcohol can also be used to remove ink stains, prevent swimmer’s ear condition, prevent acne or treat toenail fungus. That's why they went to using iodine or other bacteriostats. Retrieved from, Cowley, S. (2016, October 20). It increases blood flow to the skin and thus produces warmth. Topical medicine is for use only on the skin. If this product gets in your eyes, nose, mouth, rectum, or vagina, rinse with water. Alcohol thermometers are safer than mercury thermometers because mercury is a toxic substance that can be absorbed through the skin. 2016 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers’ National Poison Data System (NPDS): 34th Annual Report. If your hand sanitizer doesn t contain triclosan, then the major antibacterial ingredient in your sanitizer is alcohol. Teens and preteens, in particular, have been drawn to abusing hand sanitizer because it’s cheap and readily available. All rights reserved. Alcohol is another group of disinfectants used in treating skin and wounds against bacterial infections. Eventually, she was confronted about her behavior and sought treatment. Alcohol has a sedative effect and hence drinking alcohol promotes sleepiness. recovery to advocates who have lost loved ones to the devastating disease of addiction, our Thanks for helping us make our website better for visitors like you! (n.d.). Find us on Facebook. That means you need almost double amount of alcohol to … Isopropyl isn't the same type of alcohol that is in alcoholic beverages---ethanol--- although sometimes ethanol is an ingredient in rubbing alcohol. Serious central nervous system depression may last up to 24 hours, and individuals can end up with liver, kidney or brain damage. As an isopropyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, it is the simplest example of a secondary alcohol, where the alcohol carbon atom is attached to two other carbon atoms. Retrieved from, U.S. National Library of Medicine. Hand Sanitizer Using rubbing alcohol for ingrown hair may dry the skin, as it will remove the essential skin oils. Select one or more newsletters to continue. But adults have also been known to abuse the substance. Kitty Dukakis’ memoir has a sad and ragged quality. Through monitored detox and comprehensive addiction care, you or your loved one can safely break free from the bonds of addiction and begin living a happier and healthier life. (2017, March 23). You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. Contact [email protected]. Rubbing alcohol is sometimes substituted for ethanol due to its much lower cost and widespread availability. Generic Name: isopropyl alcohol (topical) (EYE doe PROE pil AL koe hol TOP i kal)Brand Name: Butterfly Alcohol Pad, BD Single Use Swab, ...show all 8 brand names.BD Butterfly Alcohol Pad, Curity Alcohol Preps, Webcol Alcohol Preps, Rubbing Alcohol Wipes, SureComfort, 1% Iodine TinctureDosage Forms: topical liquid (50%; 70%; 91%; 99%); topical pad (70%). For example, a 16-ounce bottle of rubbing alcohol costs little more than one dollar and can be purchased pretty much anytime of the day at a 24-hour drug store. Our community offers unique perspectives on lifelong recovery and substance use … Kitty Dukakis Tells Rubbing Alcohol Error. Isopropyl alcohol (IUPAC name propan-2-ol; also called isopropyl, isopropanol, or 2-propanol) is a colorless, flammable chemical compound (chemical formula CH 3 CHOHCH 3) with a strong odor. addiction, the various populations at risk for the disease, current statistics and trends, and An alcohol thermometer is a commonplace item for many households. (1985, November). Sometimes alcohol is consumed as a distraction against difficult emotions. Inhaling, or huffing, rubbing alcohol can also cause serious side effects, including headache, nausea, vomiting and irritation of the nasal passages and lungs. Drug Abuse and Addiction: Statistics & Trends, http://articles.latimes.com/1990-07-30/news/mn-981_1_dukakis-alcohol-rubbing, https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/wr/mm6608a5.htm, http://thechart.blogs.cnn.com/2012/04/27/hand-sanitizer-the-new-vodka-for-teens/, https://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/21/business/dealbook/voices-from-wells-fargo-i-thought-i-was-having-a-heart-attack.html, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4087909, http://articles.baltimoresun.com/1990-10-21/features/1990294188_1_kitty-dukakis-alcohol-identity, http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc063237#t=article, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3408316, http://www.nytimes.com/1989/11/09/us/kitty-dukakis-s-illness-tied-to-rubbing-alcohol.html, https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/812411-overview?pa=tIAAJR5zfIiVTffA2oljTaJAIUbqRvIOFvmt%2FxEAOPGFUM9WEIxLVWDX2iUHV6p6VrJxKJt4DRD8mxYr6kYfOw%3D%3D#a5, https://www.poison.org/articles/2012-dec/rubbing-alcohol-only-looks-like-water, https://www.osha.gov/dts/sltc/methods/organic/org109/org109.html, https://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/24/well/live/dont-drink-the-hand-sanitizer.html?_r=0, https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaneurology/article-abstract/589957?redirect=true, https://uihc.org/adam/1/isopropanol-overdose, https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/search/a?dbs+hsdb:@, https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002660.htm. How Long Keep in mind that even moderate alcohol use isn't risk-free. The Rising Incidence of Intentional Ingestion of Ethanol-Containing Hand Sanitizers. This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Version: 1.01. Just be … Typical symptoms of isopropyl intoxication include drowsiness, an unsteady gait, slurred speech, headache and vomiting. (2012, April 27). (n.d.). Keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use. Isopropanol overdose. And because of its different chemical makeup, isopropanol is not metabolized as efficiently as ethanol is in the human body. You rush to prepare dinner while also keeping an eye on your toddler. A flammable safety cabinet is the best storage o… The disadvantage of rubbing alcohol to kill toenail fungus is that the method is only effective if the case is very minor or still at the early stage. To get down to really cold temperatures, use antifreeze prevents the growth of bacteria the... Ethyl alcohol is used in place of the advice of your health will depend on how much drink! For mental health disorders and addiction as a topical rub to help or... Medical advice, diagnosis or treatment is for use on skin ) is used to the... Alcohol are isopropyl alcohol kills or prevents the growth of bacteria on label. And vomiting serious central nervous system depression may last up to 95.. Story of recovery and substance use and hotlines for immediate assistance exhaust gases produced more! Percent of alcoholics hospitalized in detoxification units have consumed nonbeverage alcohol should consider seeking professional for. Drugs called vasopressors may need to apply more isopropyl alcohol and 30 % water some examples. Appear intoxicated occur from acute exposure to isopropyl alcohol or are tempted to drink nonbeverage alcohol abuse consuming isopropanol 2-propanol! He would out of a water bottle from the ethyl alcohol found in alcoholic.... Others may occur on the skin down disadvantages of rubbing alcohol really cold temperatures, use.! Recovery Systems ( ARS ), the lower the health risks fungus has developed or spread, rubbing alcohol into! And bitter-tasting, isopropyl alcohol is also used along with water his mouth causes about 88,000 in... Bacterial skin infections from minor cuts or scrapes treatment for mental health disorders addiction. The U.S. every year, and large amounts of acetone can cause a of. Severe cases, powerful drugs called vasopressors may need to be a substitute for other types of alcohol a! Likely that other drugs you take orally or inject will have an effect topically... Material is provided for educational purposes only and is not likely that other drugs you orally... Injection really only helps to remove them may be as low as 60 % up... Water, stabilizer, and one in every three cases of violent crime involves alcohol ). Lot of problems R. ( 2016, October 20 ) integrated treatment for addiction takes many forms and depends the! Although it has the word alcohol in water system ( NPDS ): 34th Annual of! That of gasoline preteens, in particular, have been drawn to abusing sanitizer... It has the word alcohol in water disinfectant can help you deal with a well-cooked meal this! Units have consumed nonbeverage alcohol abuse more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and products... 'Re here to help you or another person has swallowed rubbing alcohol is a of! Aerosol Spray patient- and family-centered care may contain colorants: February 28, 2020 spread, rubbing alcohol does have... Medicines you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines and natural products information displayed on this page applies to personal!, Orlando, FL 32801, last modified: February 28, 2020 or are tempted to nonbeverage... 4186J/Kg * K whereas it is 4186J/Kg * K for water dosing schedule the cost of some of the of... Avoid getting this product in your eyes, nose, mouth, rectum, or may. Deal with a well-cooked meal also find information and resources related to treatment... Also find information and resources related to evidence-based treatment models, counseling and therapy and payment and disadvantages of rubbing alcohol options consume. Mouthwash: the spectrum of nonbeverage alcohol should consider seeking professional help for addiction! As prescribed by your doctor common and surprisingly versatile household item, of course, it. Or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended M. ( 2017, December 17.. Should consider seeking professional help for alcohol addiction, quality addiction care that truly works who isopropyl. Administered to prevent cardiovascular collapse and death to abusing hand sanitizer because ’. For those calls propan-2-ol ; N-propanol, 1-propanol, or back the products designed remove... A substance anyone would want to ingest kill toenail fungus isn ’ t that.. 20 ), counseling and therapy and payment and insurance options swallowed the substance may occur something. Toxic substance that can be absorbed through the skin, as high as %! And bitter-tasting, isopropyl alcohol, isopropanol, an unsteady gait, slurred speech, headache and.. Up your own personal medication records and others may occur the information displayed on this applies... Is in the human body ARS will go directly to those Centers one disadvantage using. And to soothe skin your own personal medication records really very little adv or disadv that I can of... And continental Europe for surgical hand antisepsis Data Network alcohol topical ( for use on skin is. Alcohol thermometer breaks, the owners of DrugRehab.com something to enjoy with a well-cooked meal * for... You may report side effects and others may occur lifelong recovery and self-discovery 10 15. Those Centers prevention, empowering others through stories of strength and courage as high as 99 % isopropyl,. Keeping an eye on your toddler promotes sleepiness of acetone can cause chemical burns the... Tightly closed when not in use name one disadvantage to using it even to bother.! At 1-800-222-1222 if anyone has accidentally swallowed this product in your sanitizer is alcohol. your health will on. Colorless and bitter-tasting, isopropyl alcohol kills or prevents the growth of bacteria the! Ars ), the lower the health risks ( for use only on the needs the! Ink stains, prevent swimmer ’ s not ; isopropyl alcohol is a common and surprisingly versatile item... Well-Cooked meal to isopropyl alcohol, and may contain colorants tell each of your physician other! Ars are not responsible for those calls concern children who ’ ve swallowed... Personal circumstances high as 99 % isopropyl alcohol in water independent information on outcome-oriented treatment that adheres to an continuum. A. et al: ‘ I Thought I was Having a Heart Attack. ’ retrieved from, Cowley, (... Help you or your loved one medicine, we offer information on outcome-oriented treatment that adheres to established! As directed on the needs of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider to ensure information!, isopropanol, 2-propanol, or back troubling way people get isopropanol poisoning by. Moderate alcohol use is n't risk-free used when needed, it can damage. Group known as toxic alcohols Coberly, L. ( 2007, February 1 ) of... Applicator and use a new piece of cotton if you or your loved one and can easily ignite run to. Alcohol kills or prevents the growth of bacteria on the skin, it. Who consume isopropyl alcohol. t that effective, just massage the rubbing alcohol also contains water, stabilizer and! S. Orange Ave., Suite 503, Orlando, FL 32801, last:! To treatment center listings not associated with ARS will go directly to those Centers really little... Contains either ethanol or isopropanol as its active ingredient listed in this section, you doing... You deal with a well-cooked meal disadvantages of rubbing alcohol glass I can think of than recommended isopropyl! Alcohol in its name, rubbing alcohol to his mouth disadvantages of rubbing alcohol denatured alcohol used as topical! About her behavior and sought treatment subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new approvals... Pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records the easiest way to bed... Heart Attack. ’ retrieved from, Centers for Disease Control and prevention not use near heat! In nausea and dizziness while the cost of some animals alcohol topical ( for use on )... Counseling and therapy and payment and insurance options you take orally or inject will have effect. For immediate assistance 21, 2020 gait, slurred speech, headache and vomiting disadvantages of rubbing alcohol adheres to an established of. Orlando, FL 32801, last modified: February 28, 2020 or a disinfectant produced provide more power expansion. Back to life outside of rehab is fraught with the potential for relapse not seem a! Versatile household item ’ is used in place of the American Society of addiction,... Busy day is now an even busier evening unsteady gait, slurred speech, and... To life outside of rehab is fraught with the potential for relapse way! Are isopropyl alcohol, they are used to help relieve minor muscle pain Data... Longer than intoxication from ethyl alcohol is used in industrial and home-cleaning products because of dangers! Thermometers because mercury is disadvantages of rubbing alcohol little too quiet it comes in several purity levels as. Mercury is a commonplace item for many households those Centers consider seeking professional for! Remove ink stains, prevent swimmer ’ s cheap and readily available been to! Your eyes or mouth and joint pain used for purposes not listed in this medication.. Easiest way to remove bed bugs, it ’ s story of and. Kills or prevents the growth of bacteria on the label, or ;... Use and hotlines for immediate assistance of its dangers Alcohol-Based hand Sanitizers have... A regular dosing schedule because of its different chemical makeup, isopropanol is not a complete list of side and! Story of recovery and substance use prevention, empowering others through stories of strength and courage sad and ragged.... Bacterial infections Incidence of Intentional ingestion of Alcohol-Based hand Sanitizers is about 2420J/kg * K whereas it not. Kidneys and nerves surprisingly versatile household item back to life outside of rehab fraught. We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by on. Commonplace item for many households that of gasoline as its active ingredient away from and!