By 1730, Boston had over 13,000 residents. Rebecca Beatrice Brooks is the author and publisher of the History of Massachusetts Blog. Massachusetts Bay Colony, one of the original English settlements in present-day Massachusetts, settled in 1630 by a group of about 1,000 Puritan refugees from England under Gov. The fleet of 11 ships, now known as the Winthrop fleet, set sail and finally reached the shores of Massachusetts on June 12 and landed at Salem. The province of Massachusetts Bay was formed in 1691 with the merger of Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, Province of Maine, Nova Scotia, Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard. The Massachusetts Bay Company, which was strongly Puritan, had been conducting business in the New World for a few years as the New England Company. How Massachusetts Grew, 1630-1642: A Study of Town Boundaries. I’m assuming this is a homework question. In 1643, the four colonies formed a military alliance, known as the New England Confederation, to help defend themselves from Native American attacks. Little did Winthrop know, a friend he had attended the University of Cambridge with back in England, William Blackstone, was living on the nearby Shawmut peninsula. With this prospect of difficulties, great enough for them to encounter, sickness began among them. The first settlements of Puritans were on two natural harbors. The colony rebuffed each commission, but, once again, the British government didn’t respond to or attempt to punish the colony for these acts of defiance. Massachusetts Bay Colony included parts of New England, centered around Boston and Salem.The Colony included parts of present-day Massachusetts, … Rebecca is a freelance journalist and history lover who got her start in journalism working for small-town newspapers in Massachusetts and New Hampshire after she graduated from the University of New Hampshire with a B.A. The investors along with owners of Massachusetts Bay Company founded the settlement. Puritans were the dominant population of Massachusetts Bay Colony. The Massachusetts Bay Colony towns and settlements founded during the Great Puritan Migration were: More Puritans continued to travel over from England and the number of colonies in New England expanded to a total of four: Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Haven. In general, the purpose of the Massachusetts Bay Colony was to harvest raw materials for the Massachusetts Bay Company. The religious intolerance occurred in Massachusetts Bay Colony for the Baptist, Quaker and Anglican were not capable to vote. This new charter united the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony and Maine Colony into one single colony, known as the Province of Massachusetts Bay, and called for a Royal Governor and elected assembly to be established. State abbreviation/Postal code: Mass./MA Nicknames: Bay State; Old Colony State Origin of name: From the Massachusett people, meaning "at or about the great hill" Motto: ”Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem” (By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty) State symbols: Bird: Black-capped chickadee (1941) Cat: Tabby cat (1988) Dog: Boston Terrier (1979) Fish: Atlantic Cod (1974) Game bird: Wild turkey (1991) Hors… This is giving me lots of good information on the Massachusetts Bay Colony! Massachusetts Bay Colony was settled in 1630 by a group of Puritans from England under the leadership of Governor John Winthrop. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was an English settlement in the 17th century on the east coast of North America.The colony was later called New England and what is now the cities of Salem and Boston.The Bay Colony also included what is now known as the States of Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.:58. He owned many acres of Martha’s Vineyard and had a rich history in the politics of same. Visit this site's About page to find out more about Rebecca. They established trade with West Indies and England. The puritan religious leaders heavily affected the governance of Massachusetts Bay Colony through a small group of leaders. It was the most successful and profitable colony in New England. By 1640, more than 40,000 English colonists had moved to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Nova Scotia was split off in 1696. The last wolf bounty in Massachusetts was paid in the nineteenth century at the end of a successful eradication program that took over 200 years to complete.”. Massachusetts Bay Colony is situated in the modern-day Massachusetts in central New England. In 1652, a mint was established in the colony. MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONYMASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONY. Let’s know more about Massachusetts Bay Colony! The first person to be executed in the Massachusetts Bay colony was guilty of sex with a turkey. They became the pariah of the wilderness – dark, insidious predators biting at the heels of civilization. Do you know the founders of Massachusetts Bay Colony? Read Also: 10 Facts about Mardi Gras History. The Puritans, who fled England to avoid religious persecution, organised a charter company and settled in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630. Massachusetts Bay Colony. To see a timeline of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, check out the following article on the Massachusetts Bay Colony timeline. Schools were also built, including the first American public school, called the Boston Latin School, and laws were passed requiring a school in every town with more than 50 inhabitants. Disguised as the Devil: A History of Lyme Disease and Witch Accusations. Being destitute of necessary accommodations, they dropped away one after another…Before December, they had lost two hundred of their number, including a few who died upon their passage. The Arbella (Arabella) was the largest one of the eleven ships that brought Puritans to Massachusetts carrying over a thousand people. The domestic beef market became a key part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony’s economy that would later shift focus from the depressed domestic market to provide an important commodity for early trade with the West Indies.”. Eighty persons out of about three hundred had died in the colony the winter before, and many of those that remained were in a weak, sickly condition. Cambridge Historical Society, 1936.“Historical Sketch.” Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, www.sec.state.ma.us/cis/cismaf/mf2.htm. Wythe Avenue Press, 2008.Corbett, Michael and Julia Corbett-Hemeyer, J. Matthew Wilson. Previously New Hampshire had been part … The state’s capital is Boston. What time period are you referring to? While the Native American population declined, the number of colonists flourished. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was centered in Boston. Share the post "10 Facts about Massachusetts Bay Colony", What you need to know facts about mexico’s independence day? Thomas Dudley. As a result, the Puritans frequently persecuted other colonists who didn’t share their religious views, especially Quakers, according to the book Politics and Religion in the United States: “At first, Quaker missionaries who came to Massachusetts to spread their views were simply banished. It quickly became the largest colony in New England and was the mother colony of Rhode Island and Connecticut. A series of unpopular taxes and acts that were intended to make money off of the colony, such as the Stamp Act of 1765, the Declaratory Act and the Townshend Act, sparked massive protests and backlash from the colonists and eventually set the American Revolution into motion. Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded by the Puritans, who wanted to create a perfectly religious community, or a 'city on the hill,' away from the Catholic influence in the Anglican Church. Interesting Massachusetts Colony Facts: Plymouth Colony was founded in 1620, at Plymouth, Massachusetts, by Pilgrims who arrived on the Mayflower, a ship carrying settlers. Celebration… Read More…, In this article, you will find amazing information regarding the facts… Read More…, In this article, you will find the 10 interesting facts about… Read More…, What do you know regard facts about Mesopotamia government? Just curious about when they got here. Massachusetts Bay Colony - Economy and Trade. It was established nearby the Massachusetts Bay in 17th century. Mayflower Compact Document signed by Pilgrim men aboard the Mayflower, on … Massachusetts: Mapping the Bay State Through History. In the mid 1700s, the government’s expenses during the French and Indian War, which took place between 1754-1763, brought in a whole new set of problems for both England and the colonists, according to the book Massachusetts: Mapping the Bay State Through History: “At the end of what was known in America as the French and Indian War, the British economy was on the brink of collapse. This fear and anxiety is considered to be one of the many underlying causes that sparked the Salem Witch Trials in 1692. 9. John Winthrop and Deputy Gov. The governor, and some of the principal persons, left Salem the 17th of June, and travelled through the woods to Charlestown, about twenty miles, to look for a convenient place for their chief town, which they had determined should be in some part of the bay or harbour between Natasket and Cambridge….”. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was named after the indigenous population, the Massachusett, whose name likely derived from a Wôpanâak word muswachasut, segmented as mus(ây) "big" + wach8 "mountain" + -s "diminutive" + -ut "locative" (the '8' in these words refers to the 'oo' sound according to the Wôpanâak orthographic chart). The colonists feared the Native-Americans but also felt it was their mission to help “civilize” this New World as well as the Native-Americans who lived there. Yes, there’s a number of books about the colony on Amazon. When the Pilgrims first arrived in 1620 it was the local Wamapanoag Indians who taught them how to plant crops. They had a price on their heads from almost the moment of contact with the English colonists. Election was implemented to choose the governors for Massachusetts Bay Colony. Politics and Religion in the United States. Etymology. In 1636 until 1638, Pequot War took place. In 1652, a mint was established in the colony. Massachusetts Bay Colony was a 17th Century British settlement and political unit on the east coast of North America. Massachusetts: Entered the Union: February 6, 1788 (6): Capital: Boston State Nicknames: Bay State • Old Colony State • Puritan State • Baked Bean State Origin of Name: From Massachusett Indian tribe meaning "a large hill place" State Motto: Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem (By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty) The main party of 700 people left Southampton in April 1630. It is situated on the east coast of North America. Spider webs are an excellent tool to help students organize facts in a systematic and visual manner. Facts about Massachusetts Bay Colony inform the readers with an English settlement in North America. By 1650, about 90 percent of the Native Americans living in New England died due to disease. Slavery also played an important role in the Massachusetts Bay Colony’s economy. The Daughters of Liberty: Who Were They and What Did They Do? After the establishment of the English Commonwealth in 1649, the colonists also declared Massachusetts a commonwealth, although they had no authority to do so. The postal abbreviation for Massachusetts is MA. Each village consisted of houses, a community garden and a meetinghouse to host church services. Video Links: *Parents, please preview for your students first. In 1632, the colonists officially made Boston the capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. See Also: 10 Facts about Massachusetts. 8. I’m going to visit this website ever day. Facts about Massachusetts Bay Colony 9: economy. From the moment they landed in the New World, the Massachusetts Bay colonists worked tirelessly to establish a government that was not only efficient but one that also reflected their personal and religious ideals, according to the book Massachusetts: Mapping the Bay State Through History: “While the Pilgrims were occupied with the problems of survival, the better organized and provisioned Puritans who founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony came with a mission, to establish their own shining ‘citty [sic] upon a Hill,’ free of the sin and corruption of the land and society they were leaving. In fact, exporting domestic beef became so profitable for the colony that in 1692, when Salem Sheriff George Corwin wasn’t busy arresting accused witches, he spent the rest of his time confiscating the accused witches’s cattle, barreling up the meat and shipping it off to the West Indies for his own personal profit. Several towns and settlements were founded by the colony as the population grew with the arrival of thousands of Puritans. See more ideas about massachusetts bay colony, massachusetts, history. Winthrop tried to persuade Cotton to come with them to the New World but Cotton declined and returned to his church, St. Botolph’s in Lincolnshire. However, as Quakers kept coming, harsher punishments were introduced for them, such as cutting off their ears or boring a hole in their tongues with a hot iron – and then banishing them. The new province was under the rule of Sir William Phips after he landed in the colony in 1692. Yet, in the early years, the colony not only struggled to supply enough of these products to meet the demand in Europe but was actually hesitant to engage in trade with Europe at all, fearing it would hurt the health, autonomy and independence of the colony, according to the book Building the Bay Colony: “Many Puritans initially feared that these endeavors could pull their communities into the transatlantic world too quickly, distract them from the virtues of husbandry, lead to unhealthy levels of profit, and become ‘a prison and constant calamity’ as a result of the individual’s spending his life ‘in doing little good at all to others, though he should grow rich by it himself’…By satisfying the local market before endeavoring to reach more profitable export venues with these valuable commodities, Puritan pioneers set an important precedent: they would fully meet local needs first. The settlement they started in America was called the Massachusetts Bay Colony . Colonists also declared war on local wildlife that they deemed a threat, such as the local wolf population, according to the book Disguised as the Devil: A History of Lyme Disease and Witch Accusations: “Wolves were considered flat out pests. The civil government had authority over everyone in the community, but was controlled by the minority of the population that had achieved full church membership.”. The first news they had, was of a general conspiracy, a few months before, of all the indians as far as Narragansett, to extirpate the English. The colony’s prosperous trade industry even played a pivotal role in the American Revolution when Britain attempted to tighten its grip on New England’s trade activities, after decades of salutary neglect, as a way to raise revenue after the French and Indian war in nearby Canada took a toll on Britain’s finances. Winthrop accepted the offer and the Puritans began construction on their settlement. The local officials claimed to own the … However, conflict occurred between both groups. Coastal communities, such as Salem town, became overcrowded and colonists began to move inland to establish farming communities, which led to formation of Salem Village and many other farming towns in Massachusetts and New England. Nice page! Historical Facts About Harvard | The oldest institution of higher learning was established in 1636 by the Massachusetts Bay Colony. It appeared that the persecution would become even more deadly; however, in 1661, King Charles II intervened and prohibited any corporal punishment of Quakers.”. By the mid-18th century, Massachusetts Bay Colony had grown into a successful colony with a large trade industry that exported fish, lumber and farm products to Europe. Well nourished on deer meat, this thriving wolf population was unfortunately not discerning enough to know a domesticated animal from their wild prey. The colonists continued to build up the city, constructing its first post office in 1639 and published its first American newspaper in 1690 titled “Publick Occurrences: Both Foreign and Domestick.”. The majority of the Indians were defeated. Peace treaties were made between the colonist and most of Indians. The first English settlement on the east coast of the continent was called as the Massachusetts Bay Colony. When the Massachusetts Bay Colony charter was issued, it neglected to say that the company members had to stay in England to conduct their meetings. The Puritans were highly intolerant of other religions and came to the New World specifically to escape religious persecution and create their own community where they could live only among like-minded people. They moved quickly to establish their political and religious – and eventually, geographical – authority, with confidence based on their religious faith and the later economic success that they took as a sign of divine consent.”. Many wealthy Massachusetts colonists also bought and sold slaves themselves for household labor in Massachusetts. It would allow the leaders to create the kind of society they wanted, a ‘City of God in the wilderness.’”. Trade was one of the primary sources of economy for the colonists in Massachusetts Bay. They had not above three of four months to look out proper places for settlements, and to provide shelter against the severity of the winter. So, where was Massachusetts Bay Colony located? In 1648, the Massachusetts Bay Colony tried and executed an accused witch for the first time. In 1675 until 1678, King Phillip’s War occurred. In April of 1630, the Puritans, led by one of the company’s stockholders, John Winthrop, left their homes in Boston, England and gathered at a dock in Southampton to set sail for the New World. They established trade with West Indies and England. It was considered as a successful attempt because New England housed more than 20,000 people in 1630s. The Native Americans that survived the war either fled to the west or surrendered and were sold into slavery. The Puritans started to worry that their religion, and they themselves, were once again under attack. on History of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, View all posts by Rebecca Beatrice Brooks. Things quickly changed though in 1640 when the colony suffered its first economic depression and the settlers decided to pursue the exportation of its goods, especially beef, to Europe and the West Indies, according to the book Disguised as the Devil: “Many early frontier towns in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, like Sudbury, were set up on inland meadows specifically as cow towns. These colonies included many villages. Although they had finally settled, the colony still suffered due to a lack of fresh water. When they began to add pork, beef, and mutton to their diet, it was not tolerated. Rosen Publishing Group, 2003.Drymon, M.M. ARNO PRESS A New York Times CompanyNew York / 1977 First Published in Boston, 1935Reissued in 1967, by Benjamin Blom, Inc.Reprint Edition 1977 by Arno Press Inc.LC# 77-82079ISBN 0-405-09125-7Manufactured in the United States of America [v] It has lots of information about the history of Massachusetts. In 1678 Salem Village was rimmed by a set of wolf traps. The colony’s trade activities continued into the 18th century, although the importation of slaves came to an end after slavery was slowly phased out in Massachusetts starting in 1780. is there any passenger lists of the Colony? STATE NICKNAMES: Bay State, Old Bay State, Pilgrim State, Puritan State, Old Colony State, Baked Bean State. The population of Boston continued to grow in the 17th and early 18th century, despite small-pox outbreaks in 1690, 1702 and 1721. This might give them a favourable idea of the produce of the country; but the gentlemen met with enough to fill them with concern. 2nd edition, vol. In this… Read More…, 10 important facts about Mesopotamia will reveal the amazing information about… Read More…, This article will present the 10 interesting facts about medieval warfare.… Read More…, 10 facts about medieval villages tell about the 10 pieces of… Read More…, 10 Interesting Facts about Michael Phelps. 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