), In a Hindu temple, the Makara often serves as the structural bookends of a thoranam or archway around a deity. Etymology. It is depicted with the forequarters of an elephant and the hindquarters as a fish tail. Does English Have More Words Than Any Other Language? Thus "Makara Jyoti" (also spelt as Jyothi) means "Light of Capricorn". Makara is used mostly in the English language and it is of Sanskrit origin. Here Are Our Top English Tips, The Best Articles To Improve Your English Language Usage, The Most Common English Language Questions. [21] A makara made in iron shows the monster in the form of half stag and half fish. The temples of ancient Java is notable with the application of kala-makara as both decorative and symbolic elements of temple architecture. Makara definition is - a water monster of Hindu religious myth that is represented in religious art as having the body of a crocodile and head of an antelope and … Translation for 'makara' in the free Turkish-English dictionary and many other English translations. The arch emerges up from the jaws of one Makara, rises to its peak, the Kirtimukha (the 'Face of Glory'), and descends into the gaping jaws of another Makara. It is also shown with head and jaws resembling a crocodile, an elephant trunk with scales of fish and a peacock tail. See also: Makara, makāra, and mäkärä Makara appears as the vahana (vehicle) of the river goddess Ganga, Narmada and of the sea god Varuna. Meaning of makar in marathi. Varuna is also depicted as a white man sitting on the monster makara. Stone sculptures of the mythological Makara and its ancient place in the iconography of Hinduism and Buddhism are widely spread throughout South Asia and Southeast Asia. A row of makara may run along the wall of a Hindu temple, act as the hand rail of a staircase, or form an arch above a doorway. Makara is a Sanskrit word which means "sea dragon" or "water-monster". In many temples, the depiction is in the form of half fish or seal with head of an elephant. A mythical crocodile or other sea-animal, variously represented in Indian art; (in Indian contexts) the equivalent of Capricorn in the signs of the zodiac. Makara is the symbol of Kama Deva, or Mara, the Hindu god of love and desire. makara) a mythical fish or sea monster, Leviathan (cp. Instant Free Astrology, Indian Astrology, Free Horoscope Predictions. makar. Makara may refer to:. As a last name Makara was the 35,057 th most popular name in 2010. Some traditional account also links the Makara to the Water Monitor as both has body parts (example: jaws, meat etc.) Visible in the back of the image entitled "Lion capital – Udayagiri – 5th century": "My Husband and Other Animals - The beast within File:Makara Bedur.jpg", http://www.herenow4u.net/index.php?id=83738, "Gujari Mahal State Archaeological Museum – Gwalior", "Lankatilaka Raja Maha Visharaya - Splendour of the Gampola Era", "Lankatilaka Raja Maha Viharaya - Splendor of the Gampola Ear", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Makara&oldid=1002681669, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from August 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Makara sculptures throughout South Asia and Southeast Asia, This page was last edited on 25 January 2021, at 16:21. [3][4][5] The South Asian river dolphin may also have contributed to the image of the makara. Makarakuṇḍala (मकरकुण्डल):—[=makara-kuṇḍala] [from makara] n. an ear-ring shaped like a M°, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] context information Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् ( saṃskṛtam ), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English… makarinī Miln. Learn makara in English translation and other related translations from Hausa to English. It has the lower jaw of a crocodile, the snout or trunk of an elephant, the tusks and ears of a wild boar, the darting eyes of a monkey, the scales and the flexible body of a fish, and the swirling tailing feathers of a peacock. Makara Symbol. [2], Josef Friedrich Kohl of Würzburg University and several German scientists claimed that makara is based on dugong instead, based on his reading of Jain text of Sūryaprajñapti. It has had the head of an elephant, crocodile, deer, stag and more and the tail of a fish, snake, or seal. [ 3 syll. Late 19th century; earliest use found in Edward Green Balfour (1813–1889), surgeon and naturalist. Over the head of the gatekeeper carved in there, the figures of Makara can be seen. A mythical crocodile or other sea-animal, variously represented in Indian art; (in Indian contexts) the equivalent of Capricorn in the signs of the zodiac. 204.—f. Since ancient time, easterners[who?] At Urdu Wire you can find Makara Hindu Names meaning, origin & religion with rating & reviews. a) Any woman of demi-goddess status. It is found guarding the entrances to royal thrones (see Distribution below). The English word 'mugger' evolved meaning one … These artworks used to decorate the entrance of Buddhist stupas, temples and Bo trees. noun. in Scotland, a poet given a special position by Parliament, who is … [22] These elements are variously joined to form one of the most common recurring themes in Indian temple iconography. [32][33] Since at least 14 century AD, they have used Makara flags in their ceremonies. Makara (Hindu mythology), a mythical creature in Hinduism; Capricorn (astrology) in the Hindu calendar "Blessed" in Greek. [9], In Tibetan iconography, it is depicted in the Vajrayana as a weapon of strength and tenacity. Though Makara may take many different forms throughout Hindu culture, in the modern world, its form is always related to the marsh crocodile or water monitor. Kamadeva is also known as 'Makara-Ketu' which means "having the makara for an emblem". Makara has been depicted typically as half mammal and half fish. Makara. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Discover makara meaning and improve your English skills! Makara (Sanskrit: मकर) is a legendary sea-creature in Hindu mythology. It's here! Others portray it as a fish body with an elephant's head. [9], The Newa art of Nepal uses this depiction extensively. Since many East European people accepted Christianity from the Greeks, many of these peoples have Makara in the root of some names: Makarios (Greeks), Makara (Slovaks), Makarov (Russians), Makarenko (Ukrainians). In Hindu astrology, it represents a sign that is equivalent to the zodiac sign of Capricorn. 'Makara' is a Sanskrit word which means "sea dragon" or "water-monster" and in Tibetan language it is called the "chu-srin", and also denotes a hybrid creature. [2] A more succinct explanation is provided: "An ancient mythological symbol, the hybrid creature is formed from a number of animals such that collectively possess the nature of a crocodile. Edo period, 19th century, One of the ribs of a vajra, Ashok Stupa, Patan, Nepal. Examples from ten countries are shown below: Kaushambi Makara pillar capital, 2nd century BCE, Makara on lintel from Sambor Prei Kuk temple, Kampong Thom City, Cambodia, Makara from Northern Qi Dynasty (CE 550-577), China, Makara and Kirtimukha protecting portal of Chennakesava Temple at Belur, India, Makara stairs adornment from Bubrah temple, Central Java, Indonesia, Makara sculptures at the Candi Kalasan Temple, Indonesia, Nagas emerging from Makara mouths at Wat ThatPhun, Vientiane, Laos, Makara from the 7th century CE at National Museum Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Makara and Kirtimukha at Hindu temple in Kathmandu, Nepal, Hiti Manga in the Balaju Water Garden. Makara (Sanskrit) A kind of sea animal; the tenth zodiacal sign, Capricorn. Kala is the giant head, often took place on the top of the entrance with makaras projected on either sides of kala's head flanking the portal or projecting on top corner as antefixes. Sinhala-buddhist artists considered Makara as the symbol of posperity and self-sufficiency so they were not hesitant in portraying the sign of Makara in the entrance arch gateway to the religious places, such as temple, stupa or bodi. Girl Hindu Names Makara Meaning in English. In Tibetan it is called the "chu-srin",[6] and also denotes a hybrid creature.[7]. Discover makara meaning and improve your English skills! Meanings of "makara" in English Turkish Dictionary : 36 result (s) reel n. pulley n. spool n. hasp n. whip n. truckle n. quill n. barrel n. Since many East European people accepted Christianity from the Greeks, many of these peoples have Makara in the root of some names: Makarios (Greeks). Makaras are usually depicted with another symbolic animal, such as a lion, naga or serpent, emerging from its gaping open mouth. In Indian art, the makara finds expression in the form of many motifs, and has been portrayed in different styles. The name is also used in the following yoga practices: Makarasana, or Makara's pose, is … What does the name Makara mean? [19], In Hindu iconography, Makara is represented as the vahana ('vehicle') of Ganga, the river goddess. Are You Learning English? Makara is a sea-creature in Hindu mythology. [7], Makara is also the emblem of Kamadeva, the god of love and desire. Makara-shaped earrings called Makarakundalas are sometimes worn by the Hindu gods, for example Shiva, the Destroyer, or the Preserver-god Vishnu, the Sun god Surya, and the Mother Goddess Chandi. Some traditional accounts identify it with a crocodile, specifically the Mugger because of its etymological roots. Makara is a Sanskrit word which means "sea dragon" or "water-monster". A lack of concentration makes it difficult to establish stable, secure conditions in your business life. Many translated example sentences containing "makari" – English-Italian dictionary and search engine for English translations. 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