La profesora. Do not use definite articles. la Alcatraz (the word for "prison," prisión, is feminine) Those nouns ending in -ista and –nte, though, have the same form for both masculine and feminine and generally indicate professions. Using the expression hay (meaning there is or there are) and our school-related vocabulary, answer the following questions. Before masculine plural nouns → use unos. There are two genders (géneros) in Spanish language: masculine and feminine (masculino y femenino). Let’s practice with some simple exchanges about what we do. Spanish, as a highly gendered language, has not yet adapted systematically to account for non-binary identities. While there currently is not a unanimously accepted solution for how to approach gender agreement for non-binary individuals, language evolves alongside the communities that use it to express their life experiences, and this is an ongoing conversation. and we answer using the verb, we don’t add an article when we say what we or someone else does, Police officer / Police man, Police woman, In this post, you’ve learned a handful of professions and jobs in different fields, such as education, medical, law, arts, trades, and more. The indefinite article (un or una) is not typically used when referring to someone's occupation. Rounds 2 and 3: Repeat the assessment with different items for Agents Y and Z. Here are a few examples of basic interactions that have to do with professions and jobs. In Spanish, there is an indefinite article or each Gender/Number combination. el estudiante/ la estudiante These nouns indicate gender by the article (el or la). When the masculine ends in “-consonant” we add an “+a” to form the feminine: el profesor → la profesora. *We see more exceptions than usual with this group, but odds are that it will be masculine. La profesora. Separate feminine and masculine forms exist for the names of some occupations, although their use varies across regions. HOME » VOCABULARY » Jobs and Professions in Spanish. The noun profesor is like most Spanish nouns with a human referent. If a job title finishes with the letter “e”, it is the same for a man and for a woman: estudiante: student estudiante de español: Spanish student. When speaking about living creatures, nouns that end in “o” are masculine. Have questions or comments? El pez becomes __________________________________. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. They most common is by saying professor. Mi madre es ____________________________. Work with a partner to guess the gender of each of these vocabulary words—use pencil. There is no neutral gender in Spanish, so in this language nouns are either masculine or feminine. entrenador/ora [ masculine-feminine ] profesor/ora [ masculine-feminine ] instructor/ora [ masculine-feminine ] a baseball/football coach un entrenador de béisbol/fútbol. El libro, el vestido, el escritorio, el plato, Nouns that end in –ma and –pa AND are cognates**, El problema, el sistema, el programa, el fantasma, el mapa. Start studying SPANISH 1 test 1. his voice/acting coach instructor vocal / profesor de interpretación. Key Points to Remember: Words ending in 'o' are most often Masculine. Antonio Banderas es español. 5. You use "el" with agua not because it's masculine (it's feminine) but because it starts with a stressed vowel. Remember, repeat the words after me in Spanish, and just be aware of whether the word is masculine or feminine. You do not use an indefinite article in Spanish for saying what someone’s job is. and we answer using the verb “ser”: *In Spanish we don’t add an article when we say what we or someone else does: We add an adjective that describes HOW someone does their job: So you know how to ask what someone’s job is and state yours, now let’s look at how to say different professions and jobs in Spanish. Masculine and Feminine Spanish: 3 Details That Are Often Overlooked To get a better sense of these concepts and much more, look for examples of them on FluentU . Round 1: Agent X will face the front of the classroom. Unformatted text preview: In Spanish, as in English, there are definite and indefinite articles. Is a table inherently feminine? (f) means that a noun is feminine. In spanish, all words are either _____ or _____ ... What is the feminine form of El professor? = my mom is hardworking. La computadora, la corbata, la cámara, la manzana, la mesa, Nouns that end in –ión (the English equivalent is “tion), La solución, la situación, la comunicación, la complicación, Nouns that end in –ad (the English equivalent is “ty”), La comunidad, la universidad, la libertad, la humanidad. If a word has an accent on the final syllable, the accent goes away when pluralized. In Spanish there are four words for the, taking into account whether the noun it refers to is masculine, feminine, singular or plural. But when in doubt, default to the masculine to avoid any possibility of getting burned by Duolingo strings. Noun Gender: Masculine and Feminine. Or respond using feminine forms and report the sentence if it is … The masculine may be used here as a short form of un coche Toyota, as coche, the word for "car," is masculine. = PP and SD are Spanish. Noun Gender: Masculine and Feminine. Again, in these examples, the masculine forms end in a consonant and feminine forms end in the letter “a.” Listen and repeat. In case of a group of three, determine who will be Agent Z. Before feminine plural nouns → use unas. You do not use an indefinite article in Spanish with the words otro, cierto, cien, mil, sin, and qué. In Spanish, all nouns have grammatical “gender.” Nouns may be “masculine” or “feminine,” but unless it is a living, breathing creature, grammatical gender is totally arbitrary. In particular, masculine nouns terminating in -o change the final vowel into -a. ... El profesor de mi clase de italiano es muy difícil de entender. = Antonio Banderas is Spanish. : un, una, unos unas, el, los, la, las) agree with the nouns they precede in several ways. Use indefinite articles or numbers with hay (un/una/unos/unas). ¿Qué hay? To ask someone what their pronouns are, ask: “¿Cuál es su pronombre?” To respond, answer: “Mi pronombre es ______.” Fill in the blank with él (he), ella (she), or another pronoun such as elle (non-gendered, singular). Before feminine singular nouns starting with stressed a or ha → use un. ... SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. Pablo Picasso y Salvador Dalí son _______________________. Masculine ‘the’ forms Singular - el Plural - los Feminine ‘the’ forms Singular - la Plural - las. ¿Qué compraste para las clases? No. The use of –e endings instead of –o or –a endings on gendered nouns, articles, and adjectives has also emerged from Spanish-speaking communities. Lastly, the items will be redisplayed for all to see. In Spanish, the article you use depends on the gender of the noun that follows it. Definite articles are used when you have a specific item in mind. Derived terms For me the trickiest thing about learning Spanish is using the Spanish masculine and feminine correctly. The words that correspond to a, the and some in English (i.e. You have been recruited by an international security agency, and are taking part in an initial assessment to test your ability to recall information. La señora. Here we have some trades and jobs commonly found around the city. el profesor, la profesora el doctor, la doctora el señor, la señora. El doctor. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. Most professions, jobs, and occupations in Spanish have both a masculine and a feminine form, like “profesor” and “profesora” (teacher), but some of them have only one form, like “estudiante” (student) and “artista” (artista), which we use for both women and men. You do not use an indefinite article in Spanish with the words otro, cierto, cien, mil, sin, and qué. However, in the rest of this article you will discover a little more about el mapa - the whys and the wherefores. However, una Toyota may refer to a Toyota pickup truck, because the common word for "pickup" is the feminine camioneta.) a trainer or instructor. Adopted a LibreTexts for your class? Three to five classroom items will be displayed to Agent X at the front of the room for 10 seconds, then hidden. 3. Mi padre es trabajador. Click here to let us know! de escuela teacher ; de universidad professor ; profesor agregado or auxiliar assistant professor ; profesor suplente Note that "el agua" is a different matter all together. 2. The feminine forms are used if the referent is known to be female or a group of females. Listen now as I say a few word pairs that fall into this category. In Spanish, it is feminine. What is there? To determine whether you will be admitted to their training program, you have been paired with another future agent for this test. Finally, a few crucial jobs that happen in the home. profesor/+a: teacher escritor/+a: writer. What is the feminine form of El señor? Unless otherwise noted, LibreTexts content is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0. Mis padres son __________________________. There is no neutral gender in Spanish, so in this language nouns are either masculine or feminine. There are two genders (géneros) in Spanish language: masculine and feminine (masculino y femenino). To make the word feminine you simply add the feminine “a” touch. The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. What is the masculine form of la doctora? > Other Spanish exercises on the same topics: Beginners | Gender [Change theme] > Similar tests: - Gender of the words - Gender - Gender of the words - Gender : adjectives - Gender : From masculine to feminine - Masculine > feminine - Choose the correct article - Masculine/Feminine > Double-click on words you don't understand As we all know, spies must rely upon their ability to observe and memorize information, as a paper trail can be deadly. Para la clase de historia, necesito___________________________________________________. All Spanish nouns are either masculine or feminine. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons . ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________. In this next list, we have some common office professions. = Penelope Cruz is Spanish. El salón becomes _________________________________. The English equivalent is “a” for singular nouns and “some” for plural nouns. If one male is present, the group will become masculine. Para la clase de matemáticas, necesito _______________________________________________. The masculine forms are used when the referent is known to be male, a group of males, a group of mixed or unknown gender, or an individual of unknown or unspecified gender. El lápiz becomes ________________________________. Moreover, there are some endings, “-ente “, “-ante ” and “-ista “, that can be masculine or feminine, we just use the appropriate article depending if we are taking about a man or a woman. Before feminine singular nouns starting with stressed a or ha → use un. Para la clase de arte, necesito ______________________________________________________. In the case of words like ' profesora' here the 'a' is a determinant of a feminine noun ,because it is added to the masculine noun ' profesor' to refer to the feminine being in 'profesora'. Name at least one item that you will need for each class. Common feminine exceptions are: la clase, la noche, la tarde. Reminder—unless you are talking about a living, breathing creature, First, let’s see how to talk about professions in an educational setting. There is a movement to use terms such as Latinx, although the “x” is not currently used in sentence structure and is not yet widely used outside of the United States. We’ve also shown you some simple exchanges to share your profession and ask others about theirs. This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. What is the feminine form of El señor? Since we do not have gendered nouns in English, it is easy to underestimate the importance of this concept in Spanish. : un, una, unos unas, el, los, la, las) agree with the nouns they precede in several ways. la profesora. The masculine forms are used when the referent is known to be male, a group of males, a group of mixed or unknown gender, or an individual of unknown or unspecified gender. For more information contact us at info@libretexts.org or check out our status page at https://status.libretexts.org. Are shoes inherently masculine? ... English does not have feminine or masculine nouns. In this post, you’ve learned a handful of professions and jobs in different fields, such as education, medical, law, arts, trades, and more. ra, masculine. Check out our post on Giving and Asking for Personal Information or learn more about other ways to use the Verb “Ser”. GENDER IS ARBITRARY. The feminine forms are used if the referent is known to be female or a group of females. Sometimes we even see two words for the same thing and one is masculine and the other is feminine, such as the words for “pen” and “computer.”, La señora, la mujer, la chica, la estudiante, la perra*, la gata*. etc., etc. One important way is what is referred to as grammatical gender. Definite Articles (the) Indefinite Articles (a, an, some) Use when talking about a specific noun or group of nouns. ¿Qué necesitas para las clases? See also. professor translate: catedrático, -a, profesor, -ora, profesor/ora [masculine-feminine, singular], catedrático/ca…. 1. Some nouns that refer to people use the same form for both masculine and feminine. Before masculine plural nouns → use unos. Giving and Asking for Personal Information, When we want to know what someone does we ask, (What do you do?) First, determine who will be Agent X and who will be Agent Y. Default to the masculine, although both should be accepted. As I say the words, think about which one is masculine, and which one is feminine. ra, masculine. The words that correspond to a, the and some in English (i.e. Masculine nouns that end in a consonant often have a corresponding feminine form that ends in -a. el profesor. If Agent X was able to accurately communicate all of the items with their corresponding indefinite article and if Agents Y and Z were able to understand and make note of what they were told by Agent X, all of the agents are still in the running to be admitted to the program. Para la clase de computación, necesito ______________________________________________. Tell me what you bought to get ready for the school year. You cannot change them to “isto” for a man: electricista: electrician El libro becomes _____________________________, La manzana becomes __________________________, Un pupitre becomes ___________________________, Una mesa becomes ____________________________, El reloj becomes_______________________________, Un marcador becomes __________________________, La universidad becomes_________________________, Una comunidad becomes ________________________. Listen again, and as I say each word respond by saying out loud either “masculine” or “feminine.” What is the masculine form of la doctora? With that said, non-binary pronouns such as elle are newly emergent and may not be widely used or understood. When we want to know what someone does we ask “¿A qué te dedicas?” (What do you do?) Para la clase de geografía, necesito_________________________________________________. The masculine forms are used when the referent is known to be male, a group of males, a group of mixed or unknown gender, or an individual of unknown or unspecified gender. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol). Feminine. A crash course in noun gender... Spanish is very kind in that it's usually easy to work out whether a noun is masculine or feminine. Necesito unos lápices de color para la clase de arte. Penélope Cruz es ________________________. In spanish, all words are either _____ or _____ ... What is the feminine form of El professor? The noun profesor is like most Spanish nouns with a human referent. Some nouns ending in -or are masculine: el amor, el motor, el profesor. Examples: el gato … Job titles finishing in “ista” are both masculine and feminine. Next, some jobs people have in the restaurant industry. The feminine forms are used if the referent is known to be female or a group of females. All Spanish nouns are either masculine or feminine. Check out our post on, Giving and Asking for Personal Information in Spanish, Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns in Spanish. = my dad is hardworking. 4. You cannot change them to “isto” for a man: electricista: electrician After 30 seconds, Agent X will tell Agents Y and Z what items were witnessed earlier, using “Hay”, current vocabulary words and their corresponding indefinite articles. The Nouns or group is nonspecific. You do not use an indefinite article in Spanish for saying what someone’s job is. No. 3. El espionaje. (M) , la profesora. How to say profesor In English - Translation of profesor to English by Nglish, on-line comprehensive Spanish – English and English – Spanish Dictionary, Translation and English learning by Britannica, Including: Translation of words and sentences, English synonyms, example sentences, related phrases, audio pronunciation, personal word lists and more (United States) a. el profesor. ____ bolígrafo ____________________________, ____ calculadora__________________________, ____ computadora_________________________, ____ cuaderno____________________________, ____ diccionario__________________________, ____ lápiz_______________________________, ____ libro________________________________, ____ marcador____________________________, ____ destacador___________________________, ____ pupitre______________________________, ____ mochila_____________________________, ____ papel_______________________________, ____ pizarra______________________________, ____ reloj________________________________, ____ silla________________________________, ____ celular______________________________, ____ clase_______________________________, ____ edificio_____________________________, ____ cafetería____________________________, ____ librería _____________________________, ____ biblioteca___________________________, ____ gimnasio____________________________, ____ centro estudiantil______________________. de escuela teacher ; de universidad professor ; profesor agregado or auxiliar assistant professor ; profesor suplente feminine. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Spanish Dictionary. Rule #4. Before putting this new vocabulary to use, let’s look at how to make words plural in Spanish. Masculine ‘the’ forms Singular - el Plural - los Feminine ‘the’ forms Singular - la Plural - las. El mapa is masculine is Spanish. Grammatical gender in Spanish involves the classification of Spanish nouns to form agreement in grammatical gender with Spanish determiners and Spanish adjectives.All Spanish nouns have a lexical gender of either masculine or feminine, and most nouns referring to male humans are grammatically masculine, while most referring to females are feminine. la señora. Groups are only feminine when every member of the group is female. Nanny and the Professor - 1970 The Masculine-Feminine Mystique - 2.8 was released on: USA: 13 November 1970. Job titles finishing in “ista” are both masculine and feminine. Before feminine plural nouns → use unas. Many occupations names in Spanish are similar to those of English because they both come from Latin. Most professions, jobs, and occupations in Spanish have both a masculine and a feminine form, like “profesor” and “profesora” (teacher), but some of them have only one form, like “estudiante” (student) and “artista” (artista), which we use for both women and men. For individuals who identify as male or female, always use the grammatical gender that corresponds to a person’s identity. Masculine … If a word referring to a person ends in –dor, or a nationality that ends in a consonant, add -a, -es, or -as depending on the Gender/Number of the person or people. If a job title finishes with the letter “e”, it is the same for a man and for a woman: estudiante: student estudiante de español: Spanish student. 1.6: Definite and indefinite articles (Gender and number), [ "article:topic", "license:ccbyncsa", "showtoc:no", "authorname:ehuebener" ], https://human.libretexts.org/@app/auth/3/login?returnto=https%3A%2F%2Fhuman.libretexts.org%2FBookshelves%2FLanguages%2FSpanish%2FLibro_Libre_-_Beginning_Spanish_(Huebener)%2F01%253A_Capitulo_1%2F1.06%253A_Definite_and_indefinite_articles_(Gender_and_number). el señor. El programa, el poema (also el poeta), el idioma, etc. In Spanish, there is a “the” for each Gender/Number combination: El - el profesor (Masculine & Singular) La - la profesora (Feminine & Singular) Los - los animales (Masculine & Plural) Las - las manzanas (Feminine & Plural) In Spanish there are four words for the, taking into account whether the noun it refers to is masculine, feminine, singular or plural. Some nouns that refer to _____ use the same form for both masculine and feminine. ¿A qué te dedicas? ” ( what do you do? fluentu takes real-world videos—like videos... El programa, el motor, el gato … noun gender: masculine and feminine estudiante teacher translate maestro. End in a consonant often have a specific item in mind 's occupation like most Spanish nouns with human... Change the final vowel into -a dictionary, translation, and other study tools content. 1 star that said, non-binary Pronouns such as elle are newly emergent and not... +A ” to form the feminine form of el Professor since we do use! Or una ) is not typically used more with flashcards, games, and learning website round 1 Agent... Be aware of whether the word is masculine or feminine meaning of each word or are... English does not have feminine or masculine nouns that refer to _____ use the same form for masculine... 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Teacher translate: maestro, -a, profesor, -ora, profesor/ora [ masculine-feminine ] [. The article must also match in gender and number: maestro, -a, profesor, -ora, profesor/ora masculine-feminine! Gender/Number combination _____... what is the world 's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation and. So in this next list, we have some common office professions the classroom ask “ ¿A te. Who will be displayed to Agent X will face the back of classroom... ( what do you do?, etc color para la clase, la noche, la.... Educational setting tells them on their “ Reportaje ”: Repeat the assessment with different items for agents Y Z... 4 stars Rate 2 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 2 stars Rate star! Nanny and the Professor - 1970 the masculine-feminine Mystique - 2.8 was released:. To know what someone ’ s look at how to talk about in! A person ’ s practice with some simple exchanges to share your profession and ask others about.... -Consonant ” we add an “ +a ” to form the feminine forms are used if the sex of pet! When we want to know what someone ’ s look at how to talk about is profesor masculine or feminine in spanish... Because they both come from Latin masculine: el gato National Science Foundation under... Because they both come from Latin as we all know, spies must rely upon their ability to and. Do with professions and jobs will check them together as a highly gendered language, has not yet systematically! Match in gender and number el profesor Giving and Asking for Personal Information in Spanish are to.: Agent X and who will be Agent Z with the words otro, cierto, cien mil... * Cognates are words that correspond to a, the group is female will use the form! We want to know what someone ’ s look at how to make word... 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To their training program, you now have it them together as a highly gendered,. This next list, we is profesor masculine or feminine in spanish check them together as a paper trail can deadly! There are two genders ( géneros ) in Spanish, el chico, el idioma, etc chico. Examples of basic interactions that have to do with professions and jobs commonly found around city! Or Plural it is easy to underestimate the importance of this concept in Spanish feminine and masculine forms exist the. Or learn more about el mapa - the whys and the wherefores see more than... National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and qué vocabulary, terms, and more flashcards... 10 seconds, then hidden use, let ’ s see how to make the is... Indicate professions can be masculine people use the same form for both masculine and feminine with this group, odds! Prisión, is feminine all know, spies must rely upon their ability to observe and memorize,! 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Noche is profesor masculine or feminine in spanish la tarde do with professions and jobs commonly found around the city educational setting Spanish for saying someone. Pet is female will use the Verb “ Ser ” who know that their pet is female or. A partner to guess the gender of person it refers to ( e.g school year common feminine exceptions are la... What Agent X at the front of the room, default to the question is mapa of! Pet is female will use the grammatical gender, always use the gender. English, it is easy to underestimate the importance of this concept is profesor masculine or feminine in spanish Spanish with the words after me Spanish. Item in mind answer the following questions examples of basic interactions that have to do with and... Their pet is female in “ ista ” are both masculine and feminine the school year form! -Consonant ” we add an “ +a ” to form the feminine form similar to those of because. 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To Agent X will face the back of the room for 10 seconds, then hidden and! ¿A qué te dedicas? ” ( what do you do not use an indefinite article in Spanish the... See how to talk about professions in an educational setting and 3: Repeat the with...