From world music to modern opera, sort fact from fiction in this study of musical origins. Elements such as the deep-seated plie, outturned leg position, sharp angles of th… Flamenco History, Styles, Dancers and Musicians The History of Flamenco. Flamenco dance, like singing, has integrated elements from different cultures. Polska, (Swedish: Polish), Scandinavian folk dance originating in the 16th century, possibly influenced by Polish courtly dances. The History of Flamenco Until recent times, flamenco artists have not been literate people, and thus have not provided us with written records of their lives and music. Nevertheless, gypsies were the major spreading actors of the flamencodan… In Spain they encountered the rich cultures of the Sephardic Jews and the Moors. That establishment and the many others that sprang up in the major urban centres of Spain—notably Granada, Córdoba, and Sevilla—placed emphasis on the musicians and dancers, and it was in this period that the singer began to take a secondary role. The dancers of the Flamenco Dance form are required to stand still for a few moments after the start of the music. Although much less research has been undertaken in the field of flamenco dance than music, it has been documented that during the Phoenician empire, in the city of Cadiz, Hindu dancers were hired as entertainers for the festivals, aspects of which were incorporated into local processions and religious festivals. In order to enjoy the flamenco of today, it might be useful though, to understand its origins, which are rooted in the gypsy culture of Andalusia, in the south of, © Fondo Antiguo de la Universidad de Sevilla / Flickr, Poster for a circa 1896 American production of Georges Bizet’s Carmen. Gitano flamenco performers regard the cante jondo as a form of prayer, and thus, in duende, the dancer communicates with both the audience and God. Thus the history of flamenco can be examined through the study of Spain’s invasions and their effects on the music of the Iberian Peninsula. The dancer is the protagonist of the singer’s narrative and its interpreter. Assistant Professor of Performance Studies and Theatre, Long Island University, Long Island, New York. It is known, however, that it originated in the Andalusia area. The art of flamenco was intended to be an outwardexpression of an individuals most profound emotions and the flamenco way of … Flamenco is an art form comprising of songs, dances, and instrumental music associated with southern Spain. History of Flamenco Dance The art form developed over several centuries from Gypsy, Moorish, Andalusian, and other roots. Contemporary artists such as Eva la Yerbabuena, Joaquín Cortés, Antonio Canales, Belén Maya, and Juana Amaya are creating new rhythmic strategies in the studio and integrating them into longer narrative theatre pieces in which rhythm becomes the dominant element of the dance. Several intellectuals, including Lorca and composer Manuel de Falla, sought to restore the purity of flamenco, and in 1922 they instituted the first flamenco competition—calling for cante primitivo andaluz (“primitive Andalusian cante”). Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. History and Art of Flamenco Dancing "You can't have a true Spanish experience without flamenco." Author: Kate Swanson. The alboreás is traditionally sung only at weddings and is considered unlucky on other occasions. With centuries of socio-cultural evolution, flamenco has a rich history, which unfolds with every stomp of the dancer’s feet, strum of the musician’s guitar, and clap of the singer’s hands. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Flamenco is all about the posture. Classically influenced flamenco artists Antonio Gades, Christina Hoyos, José Greco II, and Lola Greco have also pushed the boundaries of flamenco. These innocent and black and white films, which often included flamenco-esque elements of singing and dancing, became popular in the 1930s and over the following decades developed into a … Other forms, such as the fandangos grandes, were adopted from Spanish folk song and dance, the fandangos becoming more serious in character than the original and begetting a series of descendants that includes the malagueñas and the Arab-influenced cartageneras. The guitarist (tocoar) keeps the rhythm (compás) necessary to the dancer’s individual rhythmic cadences, accompanying (and, when the performance space is large, even following) the dancer. Thus, it’s a dance that intermingles features from the local musical culture and many others thanks to the influences travellers brought back to Spain from the colonies. Always considered as the musical outlet of the poor and oppressed, flamenco is an art form that incorporates singing, dancing and guitar. 4. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Flamenco Dance: Andalusian soul. 5 crucial points to understand flamenco dance history Flamenco is a typical style of music and dance of Spain, specially from the regions of Andalucía, Extremadura and Murcia. Flamenco originated in the Spanish region of Andalusia in the 18th Century and is closely linked to the gitano (gypsy) culture present in that region. The years uo to 1936 were to be the years of the theatrical presentation of flamenco, of the "Opera Flamenca" and "Flamenco Ballet". The essence of flamenco is cante, or song. The male dancer is known as ‘bailaor’, and the female, ‘bailaora’. Origins of the Dance Flamenco dance and the guitar music that accompanies it comes from southern Spain in the Andalusian region associated with the Roma or gypsy people. The dance reflects the passion, romance and fervor of people and is beautifully crafted with grace and dignity. Complex rhythmic patterns are created by a sophisticated footwork technique, so the flamenco dancer wears special shoes or boots with dozens of nails driven to the soles and heels. The origins, history and importance of the cante is covered in the main Wikipedia entry for the cante flamenco. In Spain, the Roma are called Gitanos. Throughout its history, it has evolved to become consecrated as the artistic expression it is now. Thus, by the time of Franco’s death in 1975, flamenco had established itself in the music and dance world as a prominent form of art and culture, synonymous with Spanish identity.By Paula Koller, Evoking passion, temperament and energy, flamenco is one of the most exhilarating art forms to witness, both in the visual and in the audible sense. In the last few decades of the 20th century, flamenco also was influenced by the general musical trend toward fusion of styles. The first of the three lessons covers the flamenco dance and discusses the Romani (Gypsy) people. Flamenco dance and music is a beautiful mix of the earliest known Hindu dances like kathak and bharatanatyam, the coronarchs of the Greek mourners, and the mimes of Imperial Rome. Undeniably, there is not a sole reason or event that propelled flamenco to acquiring a recognized status as a global dance in line with ballet and hip-hop, but rather a variety of factors that enabled this transformation. 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