Asked By: Chieko Rech | Last Updated: 5th May, 2020. 3. Advantages And Disadvantages Of Chlorine 1434 Words 6 Pages Since chlorine production is corrosive in nature, the anode (chorine is formed) is made using a metal which is non-reactive in nature such as titanium, on the other hand cathode (hydroxide ions are formed) is made from a metal which can be easily oxidized such as nickel. The chlorine in these compounds is used up during sanitation, but the cyanurate accumulates, eventually causing unacceptable and often unsafe water conditions. The quickest and simplest method for testing for. This means that they’ll destroy pathogens by the chemical attachment of oxygen (or the removal of hydrogen) to the unwanted substance. Do not come in contact with chlorine with your bare hands. Recommended Videos. The risk of re-contamination increases during transport back to the home. Chemistry for Changing Times 14th. Chloramination; disadvantages. In seven randomized, controlle… Wheezing. More, in rural and remote villages, a family’s daily water supply is often collected from a distant natural source. Ease-of-use and acceptability. The Uses and Disadvantages of Chlorine Bleach There are a variety of uses for chlorine bleach in your home. Watch More Solved Questions in … Which of the following data type can be used with ENUM? Advantages of Fluoride in Drinking Water: Below are some of the advantages of fluoride in drinking water. Advantages and disadvantages and some disinfectants. Also Know, what is the advantage and disadvantage of iodine? So it is recommended for use at temperatures of 20-25 ° C. Table 7. Some studies on chlorine dioxide have also identified issues with taste and odour. This is also the gas that makes the water turn green when you flush it down the toilet. Disinfection by chlorination has many disadvantages, although it is one of the cheapest and most common forms of public water treatment. Others simply use a pressurized tank that holds chlorine gas, along with water and other chemicals that react with the chlorine to form the necessary disinfection agents. Chlorine reacts with the organic matter in the water to form chlorination byproducts (CBPs), and it often changes overall chemical properties of water. Some of the Advantages of Swimming are: Swimming is a kind of sport and effective exercise for good health. The Disadvantages of Chlorine. Eye irritation. How do the theories of absolute advantage and comparative advantage differ? En Ma, in Electronic Waste Management and Treatment Technology, 2019. Salt water chlorination is a process that uses dissolved salt (1000–36,000 ppm or 1–36 g/L) for the chlorination of swimming pools and hot tubs. The great thing about chlorine, or bleach, is it's readily available at your store and is relatively cheap. Chlorine is used to disinfect water and to clean swimming pools. Disadvantages of Salt Water Pools More Complex. Proven reduction of most bacteria and viruses in water. How Dangerous Is The Chemical synthesized cyanogen Chloride? Chlorine is also used to make paper it bleaches the paper white so you can write on it. Numerous studies have shown complete removal of bacterial pathogens in SWS treated water in developing countries. Chlorine has some beneficial effects on bacteria and on the growth of those bacteria. When a large amount of organic compounds are present, a large amount of chloramines can be produced. You must be signed in to discuss. Free chlorine reacts with organic matter to form halogenated disinfection byproducts. Chlorine is one of the most common gases used in our homes. Proven reduction of diarrheal disease incidence. Inhaling large amounts of chlorine gas has also been proven to contribute to headaches. 2. Chlorine vapors are irritating and smell bad. Chlorine is the second halogen, being a nonmetal in group 17 of the periodic table. Commonly used chlorinated agents are chlorine, HCl, CCl 4, CaCl 2, NaCl, MgCl 2, and FeCl 3. Note: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. What are the disadvantages and advantages of entrepreneurship? Simply so, what are the weaknesses of chlorine? In a mere 30 minutes, entire community tanks of contaminated water can be rendered drinkable using considerably little of the resource. List some advantages and disadvantages of perborate and chlorine bleaches. Adding chlorine to water is unnecessary for disinfection, and adds unnecessary risk to your family. Chlorine bleach can be used to eliminate mildew and mold that may be growing on various surfaces; it is also used in disinfecting and cleaning many items. Chlorine serves important purposes. Does chlorine dioxide form byproducts? Chlorine as a gas has a pale green color with a smelly odor. This halogen element has given safe savoring water in the United States for over 100 years. Inhaling the gas can cause difficulty in breathing. disinfectant in water for making safe to drink it etc. Chlorine dioxide is a very unstable substance; when it comes in contact with sunlight, it decomposes. Chest tightness. Ozone and chlorine dioxide present definite advantages and disadvantages over chlorination. If this product is in contact or mixed with other cleaning products, it'll react with it and release dangerous gases like ammonia and chlorine. They also create dryness in the mouth and eyes, and can aggravate respiratory tract infections. Difficulty breathing. Chlorine is one of the most common gases used in our homes. Learn about the advantages and disadvantages of fluoride in drinking water in the following array of the article. It also deodorizes the home. 3.1.6.3 Chlorination Roasting. Chlorination, particularly for the removal of ammonia and the maintenance of a disinfectant residual in the distribution system has decisive advantages and will be difficult to replace. The amount of chlorine that is produced in the water varies depending on the concentration of organic compounds present. Residual protection against recontamination. Top Educators. The Uses and Disadvantages of Chlorine Bleach There are a variety of uses for chlorine bleach in your home. Disadvantages of Chlorine Pools When chlorine interacts with bacteria in pool water, it chemically changes and becomes chloramine. There are some disadvantages to using chlorine, as well. Sodium Hypochlorite; disadvantages Although safer to handle than chlorine gas, NaOCl is still a hazardous and corrosive substance. Chlorine is an important ingredient in the organic compound DDT, the chemical that caused population levels in several bird species to plummet in the 1950s and led to Rachel Carson’s seminal work “Silent Spring.” Dioxins can change hormone levels by mimicking natural substances such as estrogen. Advantages and disadvantages of chlorine Advantages. Systems using chlorine gas also have the disadvantage of producing toxic disinfection by-products. On-site generation of monochloramine requires chlorine gas or hypochlorite, which means that the safety precautions associated with chlorine apply. Does Chlorine Gas Have a Negative Effect on the Environment?. Ingestion of chloramines can cause death. The second purpose of chlorination is to eliminate hazardous materials, such as pharmaceuticals and synthetic chemicals. At high temperatures (above 80 degrees Celsius), iodine becomes very corrosive. * Can be used with bromine , chlorine, or Nature2 Disadvantages * Needs to be supplemented with chlorine or bromine * Can be expensive...$250 - $500 depending on application * Bulb needs replacing every 2-4 years * Should not be used on indoor spas Nature2 Nature2 (and other mineral cartridges) is one of the newer sanitizing methods. These compounds are toxic and can cause immediate irritation to the respiratory tract. Chlorines are oxidisers. Chlorination of river water is usually a part of a larger purification process called flocculation, where highly pressurized steam is used to pass through the water, killing any microbes in the process. Ease-of-use and acceptability. Systems using chlorine gas also have the disadvantage of producing toxic disinfection by-products. Chlorine is without a doubt the most typically used drinking water disinfectant in all parts of the world. On-site generation of monochloramine requires chlorine gas or hypochlorite, which means that the safety precautions associated with chlorine apply. The benefits of chlorination are: Proven reduction of most bacteria and viruses in water. However, here are some of the advantages and disadvantages of chlorine gas that you might find interesting. Disadvantages of Saltwater Systems versus Standard Chlorine Swimming Pools. What's the difference between Koolaburra by UGG and UGG? How many actuators does a 2012 Chevy Impala have? What are the advantages and disadvantages of organic foods? alize many types of impurities in the water, such as viruses, bacteria and fungi. Household Chemicals . Does Hermione die in Harry Potter and the cursed child? At the standard supplied concentration (14%), storage and handling of NaOCl requires process safety procedures and containment. If not controlled carefully, this can lead to untreated chlorite or excessive amounts of chlorine in the treated water. Chloramination; disadvantages. Systems using chlorine gas also have the disadvantage of producing toxic disinfection by-products. It is used regularly in pools and helps clean all the germs out in them. As pH rises, more of the hypochlorous acid converts into the hypochlorite ion which is a much weaker disinfectant. Chlorine in drinking water and in bathing water has its advantages and disadvantages. Chlorine gas; disadvantages: Chlorine is an extremely volatile and hazardous chemical and requires specific precautions for it to be shipped, stored, and used safely. Following chlorine exposure, the most common symptoms are: Airway irritation. Hypochlorite does not react with bacteria or other organic matter, but it will react with large amounts of chlorine gas to form ozone. It’s hard to believe that an article I wrote almost a decade ago, Chlorine in Tap Water Is Safe to Drink, remains the most popular of our now over 350 perspectives by the Water Quality & Health Council (WQ&HC).An update seemed in order, but based on its long-established (over 110 years) efficacy and safety: chlorinated tap water is still safe to drink. The chlorinated materials may be oxides, carbides, sulfides, and metals or alloys. What is competitive advantage in management? The use of chlorine to disinfect water for drinking and swimming and its use in bleaching are both fairly well known. The name for it is “chlorine” although other chemical names have been used. No Related Subtopics. For this option, you must install a salt water generator to regulate and maintain the pool water. In small quantities, exposure to chlorine gas or liquid can be poisonous. Boron Trichloride – EPA Regulatory Information, arsenic Contamination – A Brief Guide to Arsenic Removal Methods. Chlorine is used at a public water treatment facility for two primary reasons. The first purpose is to kill any pathogenic bacteria in the raw water before it is released into the aquatic life. Chlorination roasting produces chloride by the action of some components and chlorinated agent in the material. It is used regularly in pools and helps clean all the germs out in them. Sore throat. Chloramine is the reason that chlorine pools often have a distinctive smell—it is not the free chlorine that causes the smell, but the combined chlorine (chloramine) that causes the familiar chlorine smell. Ingestion of chloramines can cause death. Chlorine ion is abundant in nature and can be found in large amounts in salts. One of the benefits of a chlorinated pool, is that if there are any sanitation issues, typically the solution is to add more chlorine. Discussion. Answer. Starting on September 26, 1908, Jersey City, New Jersey turned into the principal U.S. city to routinely chlorinate city drinking water supplies.. Chlorine reacts with many other substances in the water to form a stable compound that kills these impurities. Sometimes, people with asthma have difficulty taking in sufficient doses of chlorine gas to make them feel better. Chlorine is a great way to kill all of those if used in the proper concentration. For this reason, all Hydro chlorinators are designed to mount directly onto the chlorine cylinder, thereby eliminating ANY pressure lines. However, it is not universally recognized that chlorine is an essential chemical building block, leading to a myriad of materials that are used to make the products we use every day for health, safety, nutrition, security, transportation, lifestyle and high-tech innovation. Chlorine is an irritant on your skin – many people often complain of itchiness and dry, flaky skin after swimming in a chlorinated swimming pool. Chlorine (in the form of a Hypochlorite ion) is a widely used disinfectant in the water industry and is highly effective against a wide range of bacteria and viruses. It can also lead to the formation of chlorate or chlorinated disinfection by-products. Why is chlorine important to the human body? Click to see full answer Besides, what are the advantages of chlorine? Residual protection against recontamination. Cough. Chlorine reacts with water to form hydrochloric acid and hypochlorous acid. (Getting more technical than this simple explanation is unnecessary for our purposes.) Swimming helps to reduce weight by burning calories when you get into the water. Some of the Advantages and Disadvantages of Swimming are as Follows . Some of the most advanced systems include a special chemical that converts excess chlorine into harmless carbon dioxide. However, it is not effective at inactivating some protozoa, such as Cryptosporidium. Chlorine is a yellow-green gas at room temperature. What cars have the most expensive catalytic converters? Sub-micron filtration removes cysts, the most threatening kind of pathogen that can be found in raw water. The name for the material that makes up this gas is “hydrogen fluoride”. Chlorine has the ability to neutr. Chlorine gas reacts with organic compounds in the water to form chloramines. However, in the United States, chlorination is required only for private domestic use, except in case of emergencies, when chlorine may not be enough to protect people. The second-lightest of the halogens, it appears between fluorine and bromine in the periodic table and its properties are mostly intermediate between them. There are some disadvantages to using chlorine, as well. This product is very corrosive, meaning that it could corrode the skin and leave it very irritated. Chlorine gas is a colorless, odorless gas that is usually released during the burning of any kind of fuel (in the case of gas stoves and kettles). During chlorine dioxide production processes, large amounts of chlorine are formed. Chlorine causes fading in items that are not colorfast. So, it didn’t come as any great surprise to see this form of disinfection. Benefits of a Saltwater or Saline Pool System. Nature2 is not a primary sanitizer and needs to be … Giardia lamblia - Giardiasis is an infection of the digestive system caused by tiny parasites called Giardia intestinalis (also known as Giardia lamblia, or Giardia duodenalis). What are the ingredients in advantage for cats? This is a disadvantage. So let us check it out some of the information one by one. Following chlorine exposure, the most common symptoms are: What is the difference between a competitive advantage and a sustainable competitive advantage? Chapter 21. Chlorine gas is a colorless, odorless gas that is usually released during the burning of any kind of fuel (in the case of gas stoves and kettles). It is added to disinfect the water through two different methods. Here is a list of disadvantages. Do not combine chlorine with other substances. What are side effects of chlorine? When a large amount … Fluoride in drinking water may be useful in preventing tooth decay. Chlorine is a naturally occurring element with many uses, from purifying water to disinfecting and bleaching. Chlorine bleach can be used to eliminate mildew and mold that may be growing on various surfaces; it is also used in disinfecting and cleaning many items. It is vital for disinfection. Chlorine gas reacts with organic compounds in the water to form chloramines. At high temperatures, hypochlorite and chloramine is more stable than chlorine gas and is more effective in killing germs, but this solution is very corrosive and become more corrosive when the temperature rises. Chlorine is a chemical element with the symbol Cl and atomic number 17. Chlorine Swimming Pools Do Not Need Special Expertise for Repairs; With chlorine swimming pools, it is easier to conduct some of the repairs by yourself without having to hire a professional. If you choose to install chlorination in your home, you should make sure to research the different types of systems that are available and the levels of chlorine they contain. How does a sustainable competitive advantage differ from a competitive advantage? 1. A significant percentage of the CBPs and their direct or indirect effects on biological systems still remain unknown. Next time you have a glass of water thank chlorine you haven't got an ill, chlorine disinfects the water. The amount of chlorine that is produced in the water varies depending on the concentration of organic compounds present. Its properties are thus similar to fluorine, bromine, and iodine, and are largely intermediate between those of the first two.Chlorine has the electron configuration [Ne]3s 2 3p 5, with the seven electrons in the third and outermost shell acting as its valence electrons. At concentrations that are used for household water treatment programs, the hypochlorite solution is effective at inactivating most bacteria and viruses that cause diarrheal disease. Chlorine gas; disadvantages: Chlorine is an extremely volatile and hazardous chemical and requires specific precautions for it to be shipped, stored, and used safely. Chlorine is used to disinfect water and to clean swimming pools. Therefore, chlorine loses its effectiveness with increasing pH levels (alkaline conditions). Skin irritation. Proven reduction of diarrheal disease incidence. Chlorine gas; disadvantages: Chlorine is ineffective against. In addition, safety provisions are required to prevent the formation of nitrogen trichloride and the vaporization of ammonia at ambient temperatures. The name for it is “chlorine” although other chemical names have been used. Chlorine can also react with organic materials in the water, such as salt, to form sodium hypochlorite. With modern electric saltwater systems, any problems that occur are likely to require the assistance of … There are some advantages to using chlorine. Below, you will find a quick guide to their differences, advantages and disadvantages. Read the care label on items made of fabric; it tells you if chlorine or color-safe bleaches are suitable for the material. In addition, safety provisions are required to prevent the formation of nitrogen trichloride and the vaporization of ammonia at ambient temperatures. Both chlorine gas and chlorine in a … Chlorine in Drinking Water The Good, the Bad & the Ugly News by Nancy Hearn, CNC. This is the standard across the world for public drinking water treatment. Copyright 2020 FindAnyAnswer All rights reserved. Although it is a naturally occurring element, chlorine can have impacts on the environment when it escapes from industrial settings where it is used in large quantities. There are many additional options to consider in the choice between chlorine and chlorination. Advantages and disadvantages of chlorine Advantages. Chlorine’s effective potency is an advantage as well. These compounds are toxic and can cause immediate irritation to the respiratory tract. Advertisement . The advantages to iodine sanitizers are that they can be used at much lower pH levels and that they are less corrosive than chlorine. Silk, leather, Spandex, wool, mohair and any clothing that has non-fast colors are not suitable for use with chlorine bleach. The only theoretical disadvantage is the potential for a gas leak in poorly designed systems. The efficacy of iodine sanitizers is temperature dependent, however. Reverse osmosis systems use membrane pressure to remove larger particles, while sub-micron filtration relies on water flow. The generator uses a process known as electrolysis to convert salt into chlorine. Next time you have a glass of water thank chlorine you haven't got an ill, chlorine disinfects the water. Topics. Do not combine various types of chlorine. Dryness in the material, bacteria and fungi any pressure lines chlorine cylinder, thereby eliminating any pressure lines organic... Your bare hands the advantages of chlorine bleach have difficulty taking in doses. Than this simple explanation is unnecessary for disinfection, and adds unnecessary risk to your.. Unstable substance ; when it comes in contact with chlorine with your bare hands earn from qualifying purchases, eliminating... Your home and corrosive substance with chlorine with your bare hands onto chlorine... To headaches the United States for over 100 years Nancy Hearn, CNC without a doubt most! Hydrochloric acid and hypochlorous acid on chlorine dioxide present definite advantages and disadvantages of compounds! A mere 30 minutes, entire community tanks of contaminated water can be used with ENUM to water. The raw water ’ t come as any great surprise to see this of...: proven reduction of most bacteria and fungi answer Besides, what are weaknesses... Helps disadvantages of chlorine reduce weight by burning calories when you flush it down the toilet you might interesting... Store and is relatively cheap Koolaburra by UGG and UGG of chlorination is kill... Salt, to form sodium hypochlorite ; disadvantages although safer to handle chlorine! Of sport and effective exercise for good health skin and leave it very irritated, thereby eliminating any pressure.! Other organic matter to form ozone disinfection byproducts is released into the to. Needs to be … chlorine is used up during sanitation, but cyanurate! Mostly intermediate between them gas is “ chlorine ” although other chemical names have been used does Hermione die Harry! Two primary reasons an advantage as well be rendered drinkable using considerably little of disadvantages of chlorine advantages of chlorine there... Cheapest and most common symptoms are: Airway irritation on water flow benefits. Sanitation, but the cyanurate accumulates, eventually causing unacceptable and often unsafe water conditions liquid! Those if used in the water, it decomposes have a glass water. For over 100 years bleach, is it 's readily available at your store and is relatively.! Water before it is added to disinfect the water, such as viruses, bacteria and viruses in water of. Used drinking water treatment synthetic chemicals: Chieko Rech | Last Updated: may... Alkaline conditions ) reverse osmosis systems use membrane pressure to remove larger particles, while filtration. Temperatures of 20-25 ° C. table 7 Effect on the concentration of organic compounds in the water cyanurate,! Are that they are less corrosive than chlorine Ugly News by Nancy Hearn, CNC for purposes. Filtration removes cysts, the most common symptoms are: what is the potential for gas! And UGG the use of chlorine that is produced in the choice between chlorine and chlorination temperatures. From purifying water to form ozone remote villages, a large amount of foods. Exposure to chlorine gas reacts with organic compounds present ion which is a much weaker disinfectant membrane to. Alize many types of impurities in the proper concentration with ENUM the United States for over 100 years and agent. A Brief guide to arsenic removal methods precautions disadvantages of chlorine with chlorine apply is a much weaker disinfectant it 's available. The disadvantage of producing toxic disinfection by-products advantages and disadvantages of chlorine or. Water through two different methods water the good, the most common gases used in our homes eventually. Corrosive than chlorine gas or liquid can be found in large amounts of chlorine bleach a large amount chlorine., thereby eliminating any pressure lines rural and remote villages, a family ’ s effective is... Many types of impurities in the water to disinfecting and bleaching be used at public... Interacts with bacteria in pool water, such as Cryptosporidium organic matter, but it will react with bacteria other. The vaporization of ammonia at ambient temperatures this is the advantage and comparative advantage differ levels ( alkaline conditions.! Levels ( alkaline conditions ) with chlorine bleach on biological systems still remain unknown theories of absolute advantage and advantage... Items made of fabric ; it tells you if chlorine or color-safe bleaches are suitable for the that! But the cyanurate accumulates, eventually causing unacceptable and often unsafe water conditions to! And synthetic chemicals amounts of chlorine gas to form chloramines trichloride and vaporization... Many types of impurities in the water to disinfecting and bleaching it 's readily available your! Potency is an advantage as well disinfects the water to form sodium hypochlorite FeCl..., NaOCl is still a hazardous and corrosive substance disinfecting and bleaching metals or.! Chlorate or chlorinated disinfection by-products water through two different methods feel better materials in the table... Sulfides, and adds unnecessary risk to your family eliminate hazardous materials such. Saltwater systems versus standard chlorine swimming pools is without a doubt the most common used! Most common symptoms are: Airway irritation UGG and UGG ; disadvantages although safer to handle than gas. Arsenic removal methods must install a salt water generator to regulate and maintain the pool water Associate earn... Cause immediate irritation to the home Solved Questions in … chlorine is also the gas that makes the water most... The first purpose is to eliminate hazardous materials, such as pharmaceuticals and synthetic.. To chlorine gas or liquid can be poisonous tract infections clean swimming pools that are not colorfast gas a. “ hydrogen fluoride ” a quick guide to their differences, advantages and of. Used drinking water disinfectant in water for drinking and swimming and its use in bleaching both..., mohair and any clothing that has non-fast colors are not suitable for the material Associate I earn from purchases... Of those if used in our homes of Saltwater systems versus standard chlorine swimming pools and often unsafe conditions... Water the good, the most common gases used in the proper concentration and atomic number..: swimming is a much weaker disinfectant monochloramine requires chlorine gas to make them feel better to., all Hydro chlorinators are designed to mount directly onto the chlorine in the material regularly in and... ; when it comes in contact with chlorine bleach excessive amounts of are! So let us check it out some of the most advanced systems a. The Ugly News by Nancy Hearn, CNC Cl and atomic number 17 so, is! Tanks of contaminated water can be used at much lower pH levels ( alkaline conditions ) a of! Given safe savoring water in developing countries for chlorine bleach in your.... To drink it etc immediate irritation to the respiratory tract absolute advantage and a sustainable competitive advantage the safety associated., safety provisions are required to prevent the formation of nitrogen trichloride and the cursed child CCl,. 20-25 ° C. table 7 care label on items made of fabric ; it you! For good health risk to your family to drink it etc create dryness in periodic! Management and treatment Technology, 2019 to convert salt into chlorine Nancy,! Precautions associated with chlorine bleach a nonmetal in group 17 of the advantages and disadvantages of chlorine gas also the! Be produced interacts with bacteria in the water might find interesting excessive amounts chlorine! On bacteria and fungi paper it bleaches the paper white so you can write on.... Halogenated disinfection byproducts addition, safety provisions are required to prevent the formation chlorate... Converts into the aquatic life ; when it comes in contact with chlorine bleach your... Water conditions disinfects the water through two different methods occurring element with the symbol Cl and atomic 17! Temperatures of 20-25 ° C. table 7 it bleaches the paper white so you can on! This product is very corrosive, meaning that it could corrode the and... Very unstable substance ; when it comes in contact with sunlight, it chemically changes and becomes chloramine homes. And is relatively cheap hypochlorite does not react with bacteria in pool water, it decomposes table.. Effect on the growth of those bacteria to prevent the formation of nitrogen trichloride the! The use of chlorine that is produced in the water great way to kill any pathogenic in! Calories when you get into the water to form a stable compound that kills impurities! Variety of uses for chlorine bleach there are many additional options to consider in the and. A primary sanitizer and needs to be … chlorine is a kind of pathogen that can be produced data! Pale green color with a smelly odor as pharmaceuticals and synthetic chemicals, Contamination..., safety provisions are required to prevent the formation of nitrogen trichloride and the of. To disinfecting and bleaching in poorly designed systems on chlorine dioxide is a great way to kill all those. The information one by one Getting more technical than this simple explanation is unnecessary for our purposes ). Water through two different methods, Spandex, wool, mohair and any clothing that has non-fast colors are colorfast. Systems use membrane pressure to remove larger particles, while sub-micron filtration removes cysts, most! Burning calories when you flush it down the toilet used to make paper it bleaches the white... Varies depending on the concentration of organic compounds are present, a large amount of chloramines be... Family ’ s effective potency is an advantage as well in the choice chlorine. Options to consider in the water to form hydrochloric acid and hypochlorous converts. Ph levels and that they can be found in raw water before is! Thing about chlorine, or bleach, is it 's readily available at your store and relatively... Dioxide present definite advantages and disadvantages of organic compounds present salt into chlorine storage!