Since it is such a pivotal place, knowing its geography is an important part of any educational curriculum. Crude petroleum oil makes up nearly 25% of its exports. The Middle Eastern countries possess different resources and are at different stages of economic development. MEA is a designation given to the region of the world made up of the Middle East and Africa. " In 1958, the State Department explained that the terms "Near East" and "Middle East" were interchangeable, and defined the region as including only Egypt, Syria, Israel, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, and Qatar.. The term has come into wider usage as a replacement of the term Near East (as opposed to the Far East) beginning in the early 20th century. Several Modern South Arabian languages such as Mehri and Soqotri are also spoken Yemen and Oman. It covers an area of 636,372 square miles and has a population size of approximately 80.82 million. The country is a member of both OPEC and the United Nations, as well as several other international organizations. Another Semitic language such as Aramaic and its dialects are spoken mainly by Assyrians and Mandaeans. Mahan realized not only the strategic importance of the region, but also of its center, the Persian Gulf. Perhaps because of the influence of the Western press, the Arabic equivalent of Middle East (Arabic: الشرق الأوسط ash-Sharq al-Awsaṭ) has become standard usage in the mainstream Arabic press, comprising the same meaning as the term "Middle East" in North American and Western European usage. George Washington's 1796 Farewell Address is an amazingly prescient warning to the U.S. to avoid certain dangers with regard to foreign policy. Circassian is also spoken by the diaspora in the region and by almost all Circassians in Israel who speak Hebrew and English as well. Islam is the largest religion in the region.  When it comes to per capita (PPP)-based income, the highest-ranking countries are Qatar ($86,008), Kuwait ($39,915), the UAE ($38,894), Bahrain ($34,662) and Cyprus ($29,853). This area is extremely rich in terms of culture, history and religion. The economy of Yemen, like many other middle eastern countries, focuses on the petroleum industry, which also makes up 73% of its exports. The vast majority (92%) of the population identify as Sunni Muslims. The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) includes approximately 19 countries, according to World Atlas. Mideast is also acceptable, but Middle East is preferred. The total regional unemployment rate in 2005, according to the International Labour Organization, was 13.2%, and among youth is as high as 25%, up to 37% in Morocco and 73% in Syria. Ottaway, Marina & Carothers, Thomas (2004-03-29), sfn error: no target: CITEREFRussell1985 (. Another Turkic language, Azerbaijani, is spoken by Azerbaijanis in Iran. The economy of Oman depends on the oil and petroleum industry, particularly as its largest export contributor.  The MENA region is especially vulnerable to such impacts due to its arid and semi-arid environment, facing climatic challenges such as low rainfall, high temperatures and dry soil. Prior to the formation of civilizations, advanced cultures formed all over the Middle East during the Stone age. The Middle Eastern countries include Lebanon, Palestine, Israel, Syria, Cyprus, Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Yemen, Bahrain, and Oman. The Associated Press Stylebook says that Near East formerly referred to the farther west countries while Middle East referred to the eastern ones, but that now they are synonymous. Surface area (sq. The lowest-ranking country in the Middle East, in terms of per capita income (PPP), is the autonomous Palestinian Authority of Gaza and the West Bank ($1,100). Its territory also encompasses the Sinai Peninsula, which shares borders with Israel and Palestine. Overall, as of 2007[update], according to the CIA World Factbook, all nations in the Middle East are maintaining a positive rate of growth. The economic structure of Middle Eastern nations are different in the sense that while some nations are heavily dependent on export of only oil and oil-related products (such as Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Kuwait), others have a highly diverse economic base (such as Cyprus, Israel, Turkey and Egypt). In the 20th century, the region's significant stocks of crude oil gave it new strategic and economic importance. How Many Countries Are There In The Middle East? Cyprus is a hub for foreign businesses due to its tax rates, which are below the European Union average. The population of this country is just over 4.34 million, and approximately 70% of these individuals are foreign nationals. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 151 pp. Even further, countries in Central Asia and Transcaucasia might be integrated into the group of Middle East countries. The designation can be used for miscellaneous marketing, distribution and customer support services. Today, among all the destroyed buildings, Beirut brags about being one of the safest cities in the region. It is a non-Semitic Afro-Asiatic language. A further 16 countries are sometimes included depending on usage. IPCC, 2014: Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. The 2011 Index of Economic Freedom designated the country as having the most independent economy in the Middle East. Christianity is the predominant religion in Europe (including Russia), the Americas, the Philippines, East Timor, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Oceania.  The country is known as a safe haven for refugees in the area fleeing their homes due to terrorism and political instability. Home > Indicators > Environment > Land use. Iran has reported 2,378 deaths, which is one of the highest outside China, and the first deaths in the Middle East. As our infographic shows, Iraq has been the …  In the late 1930s, the British established the Middle East Command, which was based in Cairo, for its military forces in the region. Use these games to learn the capitals of the countries of the Middle East. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer (eds.)]. MICs also represent about one-third of global GDP and are major engines of global growth.  Various Central Asian countries are sometimes also included.. ...more. The population represents a decrease over previous years, given a large number of people who have been killed or fled the country due to civil war, military violence, and political instability. It covers an area of 295 square miles and has a population size of just over 1.42 million. For now, let's focus on Bahrain, Lebanon, and the United Arab Emirates. It has a population size of approximately 33 million, 90% of which identify as Arabs. The country's economy relies on tourism, shipping services, and banking and financial services. Geographical Group Composition of world regions and sub-regions is based on the United Nations Statistical Division groupings, revised 20 Sept 2011. Daily Tribune The Daily Tribune is one of the leading English newspapers of Bahrain, the second English daily after Gulf Daily News. Partition Of India. The majority of the population of Israel (around 74.7%) identify as Jewish. Capitals Of The Middle East Countries – From E to Z. Gaza: Of all the capitals of the middle east countries, Gaza is perhaps one of the best known, due to its political instability. The country was created as a homeland for people of Jewish ethnicity and religion, and accordingly, it is often known as the Jewish State. When I visited Dubai in January, it was a pleasant 80 degrees. A total of 13 countries in the Middle East currently have coronavirus, as listed below. Before that, Bahrain was recognized for its banking and financial services sector, which are the fastest-growing in the world.  Several major religions have their origins in the Middle East, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. While non-Eurocentric terms such "Soutweast Asia" or "Swasia" has been sparsedly used, the inclusion of an African country, Egypt, in the definition questions the usefulness of using such terms. Iran is home to the largest supply of natural gas in the world and the fourth-largest supply of oil reserves. Israel's economy is based on the technology and industrial sectors and is considered the most advanced in the Middle East. Africa - Asia - Australasia - Caribbean - Europe - Middle East - North America - South America - Full Country List Working Holiday Visas FAQ - About - Disclaimer The country covers an area of 3,572 square miles and has a population size of approximately 1.17 million. Armenian and Greek speakers are also to be found in the region. For regional access to individual countries of the Middle East, please click on a country in the map below or the list to the right This book is divided into six parts. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Georgian is spoken by the Georgian diaspora. During this series, Sir Ignatius expanded the definition of Middle East to include "those regions of Asia which extend to the borders of India or command the approaches to India. Is There a Place Called 'the Middle East'? The country of Pakistan was actually formed from India. Turkey is located between Europe and Asia and is considered a transcontinental country. The most populous countries in the Middle East include Pakistan (~193 million), Egypt (~90.6 million), Iran (~79 million), and Turkey (~78.7 million), while the least populated countries are Cyprus (~1.1 million), Bahrain (~1.4 million), Qatar (~2.4 million), and Armenia (~3 million). Last week, Morocco joined the list. It provides extensive information about all the daily events and happenings in the world. Bengali, Hindi and Urdu are widely spoken by migrant communities in many Middle Eastern countries, such as Saudi Arabia (where 20–25% of the population is South Asian), the United Arab Emirates (where 50–55% of the population is South Asian), and Qatar, which have large numbers of Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Indian immigrants. With the disappearance of the Ottoman Empire in 1918, "Near East" largely fell out of common use in English, while "Middle East" came to be applied to the re-emerging countries of the Islamic world. (Primary Reflections)", "Redrawing American Cartographies of Asia", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "Concocting a 'Greater Middle East' brew", The Greater Middle East Initiative: Off to a False Start, "IOM Intra regional labour mobility in Arab region Facts and Figures (English)", "Europe :: Akrotiri — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", "Europe :: Dhekelia — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", "Reports of about 300,000 Jews that left the country after WW2". These are Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Chad, Comoros, Cyprus, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Georgia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Somalia, Sudan, and Turkey.  Estimated oil reserves, especially in Saudi Arabia and Iran, are some of the highest in the world, and the international oil cartel OPEC is dominated by Middle Eastern countries. Photo: Free Grunge Textures - … Middle East includes 18 countries. This contains list of 17 Middle East Countries of the world. Hebrew is spoken and used by over 80% of Israel's population, the other 20% using Arabic. The Persian equivalent for Middle East is خاورمیانه (Khāvar-e miyāneh), the Hebrew is המזרח התיכון (hamizrach hatikhon) and the Turkish is Orta Doğu. Learn more about Quia: Create your own activities Cleveland, William L., and Martin Bunton. The region has vast oil, petroleum, and natural gas reserves. Jordan is considered one of the most politically stable countries in the Middle East. It instructs: Use Middle East unless Near East is used by a source in a story. It belongs to the Indo-Iranian branch of the family of Indo-European languages. The country’s population is estimated to be 17 million people residing in its 71,500-square-mile area. Most of the countries that border the Persian Gulf have vast reserves of crude oil, with monarchs of the Arabian Peninsula in particular benefiting economically from petroleum exports. However, the tourism industry in Oman is growing rapidly. There are 19 countries that are generally considered part of the MENA region. List of Middle Eastern countries … Middle Eastern economies range from being very poor (such as Gaza and Yemen) to extremely wealthy nations (such as Qatar and UAE). Prior to teaching at GW, Dr. Rehman was a foreign exchange and money market trader in Bahrain (Middle East). The Middle East: Countries - Map Quiz Game: Qatar and the United Arab Emirates have some of the highest per capita incomes in the world. It is this peninsula that connects Egypt to the Middle East, making it a transcontinental country. Oil in the Middle East is a national property. In 1961, Cyprus became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations after gaining its independence from Great Britain, and in 2004 it was accepted as a member of the European Union. , There are terms similar to Near East and Middle East in other European languages, but since it is a relative description, the meanings depend on the country and are different from the English terms generally. The list of Middle Eastern nations are also sortable by any column. Despite the historical rise and prominence of Islam in the Middle East, the many belief systems … These are Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. The region is one of the regions were agriculture was independently discovered, and from the Middle East it was spread, during the Neolithic, to different regions of the world such as Europe, the Indus Valley and Eastern Africa. The country and lending groups page provides a complete list of economies classified by income, region, and lending status and links to previous years’ classifications. Beirut is the capital of Lebanon, a city that suffered one of the longest contemporary Civil Wars (25 years, ending in 1991). The Middle Eastern countries list and Middle Eastern capitals list are alphabetical. Before the First World War, "Near East" was used in English to refer to the Balkans and the Ottoman Empire, while "Middle East" referred to Iran, the Caucasus, Afghanistan, Central Asia, and Turkestan. Fifteen million people have fled their homes, many to fragile or economically strapped countries such as Jordan, Lebanon, Djibouti and Tunisia, giving rise to the biggest refugee crisis since World War II. The Greater Middle East adds up to more than 30 countries. … Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and … The history of the Middle East dates back to ancient times, with the geopolitical importance of the region being recognized for millennia. Kuwait is at the northernmost edge of the Persian Gulf, where it covers an area of 6,880 square miles. European ethnic groups that form a diaspora in the region include Albanians, Bosniaks, Circassians (including Kabardians), Crimean Tatars, Greeks, Franco-Levantines, Italo-Levantines, and Iraqi Turkmens. These are Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.  However, it became more widely known when American naval strategist Alfred Thayer Mahan used the term in 1902 to "designate the area between Arabia and India". The most populous countries in the region are Egypt, Iran, and Turkey, while Saudi Arabia is the largest Middle Eastern country by area. In 1961, Cyprus became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations after gaining its independence from Great Britain, and in 2004 it was accepted as a member of the European Union. As mentioned above, the countries of the region share several features in common.  He labeled the area surrounding the Persian Gulf as the Middle East, and said that after Egypt's Suez Canal, it was the most important passage for Britain to control in order to keep the Russians from advancing towards British India. Persian and Kurdish belong to the Indo-European language family. The country covers an area of 3,572 square miles and has a population size of approximately 1.17 million. It covers an area of between 8,019 and 8,522 square miles and has a population size of approximately 8.75 million. The modern Middle East began after World War I, when the Ottoman Empire, which was allied with the Central Powers, was defeated by the British Empire and their allies and partitioned into a number of separate nations, initially under British and French Mandates. Turkish belongs to Turkic language family.  Russian today is a popular unofficial language in use in Israel; news, radio and sign boards can be found in Russian around the country after Hebrew and Arabic. Israel has coastlines along both the Red and the Mediterranean Seas and shares borders with several countries, including Jordan, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, and the Gaza Strip.  In Somalia, the Somali Civil War has greatly increased the size of the Somali diaspora, as many of the best educated Somalis left for Middle Eastern countries as well as Europe and North America. This activity was created by a Quia Web subscriber. Other popular languages include Persian, Kurdish, Hebrew, and Turkish. Taxation and Tax Policies in the Middle East evaluates the general role that tax policies have played in the economic development of the Middle East since 1945 and proposes some recommendations on how fiscal tools could be better used to promote further advancement in this region. This resource also provides analytical essays on the following regions: Africa South of the Sahara Central and South-Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia, The Far East and Australasia, The Middle East and North Africa, South America, Central America and the Caribbean, South Asia, The USA and Canada, and Western Europe. The classification tables include all World Bank members, plus all other economies with populations of more than 30,000. At least 5 million individuals have sought refuge in other countries, while another 7.6 million are internally displaced. Bahrain. Due to it primarily being Arabic speaking, the Maghreb region of North Africa is sometimes included. Syria’s economy is among the most diverse in the region with agriculture, services, … The Middle East and North Africa region is in turmoil. Middle East, the lands around the southern and eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea, encompassing at least the Arabian Peninsula and, by some definitions, Iran, North Africa, and sometimes beyond. These countries are located primarily in Western Asia, Egypt is in North Africa, and a part of Turkey lies in Southeast Europe. Because of these demographics, as well as various other factors, Yemen's population is expected to reach 60 million by 2050. This designation is typically a term used by companies, organizations, and corporations. Submitted by editor on 27 January, 2014 - 14:11. Ismael, Jacqueline S., Tareq Y. Ismael, and Glenn Perry.  Even though the term originated in the West, apart from Arabic, other languages of countries of the Middle East also use a translation of it. In certain Wikimedia documents, per this list, Global South may be used interchangeably with "developing countries… The economy of Yemen, like many other Following the declaration of independence by British … It covers an area of 32,300 square miles and has a population size of approximately 9.4 million. For the Middle East, the last … Sometimes, the definition of Middle East is extended to include the concept of the "Greater Middle East" that includes Afghanistan, the Comoros, Djibouti, Maghreb, Pakistan, Sudan, and Somalia. , Climate change in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) refers to changes in the climate of the MENA region and the subsequent response, adaption and mitigation strategies of countries in the region. 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